Reinterpreting the principle of self-determination, some theorists have proposed that victimized ethnic groups ought to have a right to secede from states in which they are located. Proponents of such a right assert that, by separating antagonistic groups, secession can alleviate ethnic conflict. Secession, however, does not create homogeneous successor states or assure protection of remaining minorities, and its converts domestic ethnic conflict into more dangerous international conflict. Recognition of a right to secede would dampen attempts to adopt conciliatory policies in the undivided state, and would likely increase ultimately fruitless secessionist warfare. The best hope for severely divided societies lies not in encouraging secession or partition but in devising institutions to increase the satisfaction of minorities in existing states.