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20ogBook Reviews285 twenty historic sites, and fifty-eight wildlife refuges. An early convert to the environmental movement, Udall published TL· Ç^uiet Crisis in 1963. Bodi a history of American attitudes towards the environment and a plea for future preservation, die book was one of the first of its kind and the first ever from an "official" government source. Finch (who was Udall's personal aide during his time in office) details the writing of TL· Quiet Crisis, including the input of Udall's in-house writing team, including his "literary aide-de-camp," Wallace Stegner. His experience in writing this book acted as a writing apprenticeship diat served him well in his post-Cabinet writing career. Udall also used his position to furdier his promotion of the arts. Quite apart from the marquee events like the performance of Pablo Casals in 1961, his Cabinet Artists Series highlighted luminaries like Carl Sandburg, Robert Frost, Marion Anderson, Hal Holbrook, and Thornton Wilder. He took the eighty-eight-year-old Frost with him on an official trip to Russia in 1962, with the poet traveling the country on poetry readings and receptions, even meeting with Premier Nikita Khrushchev. Meanwhile, Lee Udall was using her position to promote the arts of her native Southwest. She commandeered an empty gallery at the Department ofthe Interior for an ongoing exhibit of works from Native American artists, including students of the Institute ofAmerican Indian Arts in Santa Fe. Determined to raise the profile ofNative American artists across the country, she incorporated the Center for the Arts ofIndian America to provide financial support to young Native artists and sponsored the First American Indian Performing Arts Festival. She accomplished all this while raising six children and fulfilling her duties as a Cabinet wife. During his tenure under Lyndon Johnson, Udall provided support and planning for the establishment of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Wolf Trap Farm, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. He also aided in the restoration of Ford's Theater National Historic Site as a working theater, and helped save one of Frank Lloyd Wright's rare "Usonian" homes from demolition. Finch is careful not to give the Udalls too much credit, but clearly illustrates how the couple was often a catalyst in events. Palmyra, VirginiaHeather K. Michon Católicos: Resistance and Affirmation in Chicano Catholic History. By Mario T. Garcia. (Austin: University ofTexas Press, 2008. Pp. 378. Illustrations, notes, bibliography , index. ISBN 9780292718401, $60.00 cloth.) During the Chicano Movement, some leaders accused the Catholic Church of siding with die oppressors or standing by in silence. By contrast, many leaders in the African-American Civil Rights Movement came from black churches, and protests included the themes and language of sacred scripture. The absence of a similar public religious component in the Chicano revolt and the accusations mentioned above led observers and historians to overlook the vital faith-based activism in the movimiento. Among the recent attempts to change this view, Mario T. García's Católicos: 286Southwestern Historical QuarterlyOctober Resistance and Affirmation in Chicano Catholic History ranks among the best. Garcia's scope is not limited to the years of turmoil in die late 1960s and early 1970s; instead, the author reaches back to the pre-movement era to relate early "oppositional historical narratives" of cultural affirmation and the socio-economic and political protests of Fray Angélico Chavez, Antonio Perales, Cleofás Calleros, and the contributors to the Federal Writers' Project that recorded the cultural and religious traditions in New Mexico. The institutional church itself, through the bishops' National Catholic Welfare Conference, lodged protests with the federal government against the discrimination and exploitation ofMexicans and Mexican Americans during World War II. Also, noting the "competition" from Protestant denominations for the religious affiliation ofthis minority population, the Church made renewed cultural efforts to reach the faithful with Spanish-language publications and devotions. Garcia does not treat the Chicano Movement until almost halfway into Católicos . He covers the movement by focusing on Católicos PorLa Raza (Catholics for the People) and on "community priests." Católicos Por La Razawas a lay organization that pressured the Archdiocese...


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