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20ogBook Reviews113 from the perspective of the livestock industry, manufacturing and mining, agricultural irrigation, energy needs, per capita use, and municipal demands. Their predictions, while cautionary, are not wholly pessimistic. Mapping can reveal small differences that are far harder to explain in words. For example, the regional disparities indicate concerns that may be magnified or reduced according to whether the location is a heavily or sparsely populated area. Coastal problems differ from those in the High Plains, Houston and El Paso share some issues, others are wholly dissimilar. Although this may be obvious to anyone who gives such matters a thought, it is sobering to see the reality on an illustrated page. Lawrence Estaville and Richard Earl are geography professors at Texas State University, and Estaville served as the department's chairman for several years. The clarity of the maps owes a measure to advances in cartographic technology, but it is their consummate skill and experience that enables us to recognize the complexities of this precious and irreplaceable resource. The atlas's approach and organization take it beyond the classification of a reference book. Austin, TexasJane Manaster Historical Atlas of Texas Methodism. By William C. and John Wesley Hardt. (Garland, Tex.: CrossHouse Publishing, 2008. Pp. 248. Maps, figures, references , index. ISBN 9781934749074, $ 34.95 cloth.) The Methodist people, long influential in the history of the frontier and the United States, have a proud and storied chronicle of struggle and achievement. The Texas portion of this struggle has been well documented by William and John Hardt. William, the younger of die two, is retired from a career in public schools and as a writer of educational materials, and the elder Hardt, John Wesley, is a retired bishop and currently serves as Bishop Emeritus at the Perkins School of Theology in Dallas. The Hardts' roots in Methodism run deep, almost from the beginning of the Methodist presence in Texas, and it is obvious that this work for both historians is a labor of love. Covering the entire history of the denomination in Texas from its beginnings in Austin's colony through the present time, the authors use a short and tight chronology in an effort to give a concise historical account of Texas Methodism. As a reference book it is not strong on narrative; rather, it is quite the opposite. Nevertheless, readers can sense throughout the authors' love of their subject, but those same readers, due to the terse writing, may not share that love and have difficulty perusing these pages. There are, however, some anecdotal and humorous quotes in the text, which give relief from the litany of facts. An example is when William Stephenson, a presiding elder and missionary, sought to establish a Methodist mission in Austin's colony, to which Austin remarked that "one Methodist preacher would do more mischief that a dozen horse thieves" (19). After Austin's imprisonment in Mexico, the Methodists proceeded to begin their "mischief" in Austin's colony. It is disappointing that the writers do not delve more deeply into the work of 114Southwestern Historical QuarterlyJuly the Methodists in the establishment of die Texas Republic and their role in the Mexican War. The same could be said for another exciting chapter in the history, "The War Between the States," and the impact die conflict had on American religion , especially the dominant evangelical denomination of the period— Methodism. The authors submit no more than two pages about Methodism on the eve of the war, and nothing at all on the war itself. Surely, something could have been written about the Methodists who served as Confederate chaplains, in denominational humanitarian ministries, colportage work, or those who entered the ministry after the war. The adas is particularly strong in its coverage of African Americans, Spanishspeaking groups, Germans, Swedes, Bohemians, and Italian Methodists in the periods after the war, and in its chronicle of the holiness movements that sprang from Methodism such as the Church of the Nazarene and the Wesleyan Church. The authors also included over forty maps, more than two-dozen charts, and an index with over two thousand entries. The work is useful for those interested in American, southern, southwestern, or Texas Methodism. Readers of...


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