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102Southwestern Historical QuarterlyJuly historical contribution not only in writing the definitive biography ofa prominent Southern leader but also in his detailed discussion of the political and cultural universe within which that leader lived. Texas State UniversityAngela F Murphy Dhtant Bugles, Distant Drums: The Union Response to the Confederate Invasion ofNew Mexico. By Flint Whitlock. (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2006. Pp. 314. Foreword, maps, illustrations, acknowledgments, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 087081835. $29.95, cloth.) The oudines ofthe Confederate attempt to occupy New Mexico are familiar to most students of the American Civil War. In autumn 1861 a Confederate brigade of three Texas regiments commanded by Brig. Gen. Henry Hopkins Sibley left San Antonio, rode across West Texas, and in early 1862 moved up the Rio Grande into New Mexico Territory. During the next four months several battles were fought as Sibley's brigade moved northward. After occupyingAlbuquerque and Santa Fe and batding Colorado militia at Glorieta Pass east of Santa Fe, the Confederates were forced to retreat back into Texas because of lack of supplies. Although the New Mexico campaign was small in numbers (no more than seven thousand men for Union and Confederate forces combined) and casualties (fewer than three hundred killed), the ill-fated Confederate attempt to occupy New Mexico has held a particular fascination for historians. Although the author of the present work believes that the New Mexico campaign is "relatively unknown" (p. xvii), much has been written about the subject. Beginning with Robert L. Kerby, The Confederate Invasion ofNew Mexico and Arizona ( 1 958) and Martin H. Hall, Sibley's New Mexico Campaign (i960) and The Confederate Army ofNew Mexico (1978) and continuing through Jerry D. Thompson, Henry Hopkins Sibley: Confederate General ofthe West (1987), Donald S. Frazier, Blood and Treasure: Confederate Empire in the Southwest ( 1 995) , Donald E. Alberts, The Battle of Glorieta Pass (1998), and Thomas S. Edrington and John Taylor, The Battle of Glorieta Pass (1998), historians have examined and reexamined the unsuccessful efforts of Henry H. Sibley and his Texas brigade to assert Confederate control over the region. Earlier works have placed emphasis upon the Confederate failure to occupy New Mexico. In this latest account Flint Whitlock, author offour books on World War II, emphasizes the role of the Union force that halted the Confederate invaders. He pays particular attention to the earlier efforts of Union territorial commander Edward R. S. Canby and later of the Colorado militia commanded byJohn P. Slough to drive Confederate forces from the territory. In the main the author gives Canby, a West Pointer and experienced officer, good marks for his cautious approach to dealing with the invasion. Slough, who had no previous experience in command and was universally disliked by his officers and men, fares less well. Only by good fortune and efforts of one of his subordinates, the volatile Col.John M. Chivington, who led his column around enemy lines and destroyed 2007Book Reviews103 the Confederate supply train, did Slough emerge as the commander who forced Confederate retreat after Glorieta. Civil War enthusiasts will find litde new in the present volume, but the lively narrative will keep the reader's interest. The author does a goodjob of laying to final rest the belief that Confederate general Sibley and Union general Canby were related by marriage. He correcdy emphasizes the role played by Colorado territorial governor William Gilpin in putting together the regiments of Colorado volunteers that figured so prominendy in forcing Confederates to withdraw from New Mexico. There are a few shortcomings (for example, the author's statement that Texan Tom Green "graduated from Princeton" [p. 76] may leave the impression that this was Princeton University in NewJersey rather than Princeton College in Kentucky), but these are minor. On the whole readers will find much of interest in Whitlock's narrative. The volume is enhanced by nearly fifty photographs and more than twenty maps. Short descriptions of the postwar careers of Union and Confederate participants of the New Mexico campaign and battle sites of the campaign are helpful. The author appears to have made full use ofmost primary and secondary materials. This reviewer was a little surprised that the author appears to have made...


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