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  • Manchu Language Resources in the People’s Republic of China: A Comprehensive Review
  • Chia Ning (bio)
Aisin Gioro Ulhicun. Manyu yufa (The Manchu grammar). Huhhot: Neimenggu renmin chubanshe, 1983. , 1983). Preface by Sun Yingnian. 538 pp. Paperback 1.8 RMB, no ISBN.
Aisin Gioro Ulhicun. Manyu Duben (The Manchu reading texts). Huhhot: Neimenggu renmin chubanshe, 1985 (, 1985). 294 pp. Paperback 1.5 RMB, no ISBN.
Ji Yonghai, Liu Jingxian, and Qu Liusheng. Manyu yufa (The Manchu grammar). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe, 1986. (, 1986). Preface by Ma Xueliang. 528 pp. Paperback 3.15 RMB, no ISBN.
Ji Yonghai, Zhao Zhizhong, and Bai Liyuan. Xiandai Manyu babai ju (Eight hundred sentences of the contemporary Manchu). Beijing: Zhongyang minzu xueyuan chubanshe, 1989. , 1989). 213 pp., plus eight [End Page 308] hundred Manchu sentences (no page numbers given in this section). Paperback 2.3 RMB, ISBN 7-81001-128-6.
Zhao Jie. Xiandai Manyu yanjiu (Study of the contemporary Manchu language). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe, 1989. (, 1989). 192 pp. Paperback 1.8 RMB, ISBN 7-105-00055-4.
Zhongguo diyi lishi dang’an guan. Manwen jiaocai (The Manchu teaching materials). Urumuqi: Xinjiang renmin chubanshe, 1991. (, 1991). Preface in Manchu and Chinese. 574 pp. Paperback 5.1 RMB, ISBN 7-228-01498-7.
Zhongguo diyi lishi dang’an guan. Manhan dacidian (The grand Manchu- Chinese Dictionary). An Shuangcheng, chief editor. Guan Jialu, proofreading editor. Shenyang: Liaoning minzu chubanshe, 1993. (, 1993). Preface by Wang Zhonghan. 1292 pp. Hardcover 290 RMB, ISBN 7-80527-378-2.
Hu Zengyi, chief editor. Xinmanhan dacidian (The new grand Manchu- Chinese dictionary). Urumuqi: Xinjiang renmin chubanshe, 1994. (, 1994). 1016 pp. Hardcover 150 RMB, ISBN 7-228-02404-4.
Beijing manwen shuyuan. Manwen jiangyi (The Manchu language textbook) (). Beijing. No publisher and no publication year are given. 368 pp. Paperback, no price and no ISBN given.
Zhao Aping, Liu Jingxian, and Zhao Jinchun. Man yuyanjiu tonglun (A comprehensive study of the Manchu language). Harbin: Heilongjiang chaoxian minzu chubanshe, 1997. (, 1997). Preface by Ma Xueliang. 537 pp. Paperback 32.8 RMB, ISBN 7-5389-0765-3.
Guan Jialu and Tong Yonggong. Jianming manwen wenfa (The brief textbook of Manchu grammar). Shenyang: Liaoning renmin chubanshe, 2002. (, 2002). 253 pp. Paperback 18 RMB, ISBN 7-80644-558-7.
Guan Jialu. Manyu yibai ju (A hundred Manchu sentences). Shenyang: Liaoning minzu chubanshe, 2004. (, 2004). Preface by Zhao Lequn. 84 pp. Paperback 4 RMB, ISBN 7-80644-959-0.
Aisin Gioro Yingsheng. Manyu zashi (The comprehensive knowledge of Manchu language). Beijing: Xueyuan chubanshe, 2004. (, 2004). 1070 pp. Hardcover 100 RMB, ISBN 7-80060-008-4. [End Page 309]
Wang Qingfeng. Manyu yanjiu (The study of Manchu language). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe, 2005. (, 2005). 345 pp. Hardcover 50.00 RMB, ISBN 7-105-07299-7.
An Shuangcheng and Guan Jialu. Manhan dacidian (The Chinese-Manchu dictionary). Shenyang: Liaoning minzu chubanshe, 2006. , 2006). Preface by Wang Zhonghan. 1,460 pp. Hardcover 50.00 RMB, ISBN 7-105-07299-7.
An Chengshan and Guo Yuan’er. Xibeyu manyu kouyu jichu (Basics of the oral Xibe and Manchu). Urumqi: Xinjiang renmin chubanshe, 2007. (, 2007). 281 pp. Hardcover 350 RMB, ISBN 978-7-80722-160-9.

Joseph Fletcher’s 1981 remarks on the Manchu language led to a new scholarly stage in the Qing studies: “A Qing scholar who wants to do first-class work in the archives must, from now on, learn Manchu and routinely compare the Manchu and Chinese sources for their topics of research.”1 Along with the U.S. development in this direction,2 academics in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the field of Manchu language have also promoted the same value to this seriously endangered language. During the past twenty to thirty years, their accomplishments have upgraded the study of the Manchu language along two tracks: the historical Manchu in close association with the Qing studies and the contemporary spoken Manchu for linguistic research. Their achievements can, if used suitably, help enrich U.S. Qing studies and Manchu studies by assisting or advancing Manchu language teaching, learning, and research, especially to those who attempt to employ Manchu and Chinese to develop scholarship. Sixteen representative publications have been selected for this review, dating from 1983 to 2006.



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