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significance of many of those questions. It provides numerous suggestions for classroom discussion. Both parts should be seen, but if it is necessary to choose, part II will be a bit more useful. Grant Morrison, CW. Post College (Course: U.S. History Survey) How Do They Make Bicycles, 1970, 5 min., color, 16 mm.; What Are Toothbrushes Made Of, 1970, 6 min., color, 16mm. These films will crack up your classes with laughter and at the same time force your students into serious thinking as to the effects that technology, mass production and a consumer culture have had on their lives, children's lives and on the lives of workers. Both films make ample use of the absurd and brilliant insights of Woody Allen and Jonathan Winters appears, as in What Are Toothbrushes Made Of In no other eleven minutes of footage that I know of can you have these two contemporary cultural heroes. I use the films in my course on Contemporary America and Early American Cultural History (16071877 ). Believe me they fit in both. In the early course the films quickly reveal what our culture has become and also since they were originally produced for educational television, they raised questions in class as to how the Puritans educated their children and the transmission of a culture. In the contemporary course they raise all kinds of questions about machines dominating men, the alienated worker, ecology, and so forth. These two are but small portion of the offerings in N.B.C's Hot Dog series. See them; they add a neglected dimension of humor to American history of both periods. In matters of methodology, I have found that they have interesting shock value if popped into the middle of a formal lecture. Louis C. Smith., Arizona State University Women in American History (continued prom page 15) Finally the films of the sixties and seventies offer many, many choices for a women's course, including both commercial films and films produced and directed by feminists. The Pumpkin Eater (1965) with a Harold Pinter screenplay and featuring Anne Bancroft is a difficult and disturbing look at a London housewife trapped by her child bearing role. Rachel, Rachel ¦ (1969) with Joanne Woodward and directed by Paul Newman sympathetically portrays the awakening of a thirtyish schoolteacher from childish dependence and asexuality. Janie's Janie (1972), distributed by feminist Odeon Films, New York City, focuses on a white New Jersey welfare mother trying to redefine herself as her own person and deal with her responsibilities. 20 ...


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