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-86RESEARCH IN MACAO Dlan Hurray Cornell University Macao, "City of the Name of God In China," with ite charming blend of atmospheres Latin and Oriental has long held out to the traveller romantic vistas of an exotic environment. However, to the scholar in search of archival treasures and historical manuscripts, Macao can present an initially frustrating research expereience. This is due in no small measure to the fact that there currently exist no centralized headquarters where research can logically commence. Instead, the various archives and libraries are scattered throughout the city, and until one either discovers their location on his own or meets a person like the erudite and eminent historian, Father Manuel Teixelra, who can inform him, valuable time can slip by in vain. Accordingly, after facing these problems while doing research in Macao, I have prepared this brief note to call attention to some of the historical sources available there and to provide a guide showing the repositories where they may be found as of August, 1976. The major governing organ of Macao, The Leal Senado (Loyal Senate) was established In 1583 and comprised originally a council of three vereadores (eldermen) , two iuizes ordinarias (Ordlanary judges) , and a procurador da cidade (city attorney). For the next 250 years, the Senate played an important role in the governance of Macao. In 1835 the Leal Senado lost some of its judicial and financial powers and became instead a representative urban This article was prepared with the generous assistance of Father Manuel Teixeira and under the auspices of research grants from the Fulbright Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Program and from the S.S.R.C. Readers can write to the author in care of Dept. of History to obtain an 11 page index list of the Leal Senado Archives Volumes. -87council which is still in operation today exercising power over fire control, public transportation, and other municipal matters. Such a long history of administrative operation has left behind a surprisingly meagre archival legacy. However, one can find in the original Leal Senado archives records of the various sessions and acts of the body from 1630 to 1900 A.D.; registers of royal instructions and orders from the governor superior in Goa that cover the period 1710-1840; collections of both incoming and outgoing correspondence and other diverse documents between 1710-1900 as well as a number of financial accounts and registers of commercial licenses, passports, and records of payments dating from the mid-19th century. Not only do these archives yield valuable information on the history of Macao but there is also considerable material on its relations with China, Japan, Timor and the countries of Southeast Asia. The Leal Senado archives for the period 1630-1900 are contained in 316 volumes currently housed in two metal book cabinets on the ground floor of the Camoes Museum, Praca Luis de Camoes . The condition of these volumes varies greatly ranging from legibly written, well-preserved, easy-to-read manuscripts to illegibly written, poorly-preserved documents that have been subjected to the ravages of bookworms and the passage of time. Further damage to these archives was inflicted during the turmoil of the Cultural Revolution when during the "Yat-Yee-Sam" incident of December 1-3, 1966, they were torn and flung from the Senate chamber into the street below. Despite the painstaking efforts of Father Teixeira and Luis G. Gomes to salvage and restore these archives, over one-third of the total collection was damaged beyond repair and irrevocably lost at this time. -88In 1929, a project to reprint the Senate archives was initiated. The publishing, now in its third series, still continues today and the resulting periodical, Arquivos de Macao is a monthly bulletin of approximately sixty pages per issue. The first series ran from June, 1929 to July, 1931; the second from January through December 1941; the third began in February, 1964 and has continued until the present day. Thirty-four of the approximately three hundred volumes have been reproduced and they include primarily those containing the transactions of the general council from 1630-1842 and the official correspondence as well as the orders from the governor superior of Goa for...


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