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© 1997 by University ofHawai'i Press Reviews 73 machinery" (p. 429) that Sun felt he had created with the five powers, she comments that democratic countries have already had many problems balancing the three powers. By adding two more, Sun created paralysis rather than efficient democratic control. Anyway, nationalism at the expense ofindividual or regional interests and the recognition ofelite privilege and the need for a military period and a "tutelage" period are a strange way to begin a democracy. But in spite of their obvious limitations and their lack ofintellectual coherence, the Three Principles ofthe People turned out to be an important vehicle for the spread ofideas. "The very shortcomings (simplism, repetitiousness, and naive ardor) which made [them] oflittle value in the eyes ofintellectuals have assured [their] success in China and the Third World" (p. 450). The same might perhaps be said ofSun Yat-sen himself. This book is a welcome addition to the literature on Sun. It is well organized and instructive. Its main strengths are its complete coverage ofthe literature, its clarity, its elegant prose, and its solid characterization of the man and his deeds. Eduard B. Vermeer Leiden University, the Netherlands Eduard B. Vermeer is an associateprofessor ofmodern Chinese history atLeiden University. Barbara K. Bundy, Stephen D. Burns, and Kimberly V. Weichel, editors. The Future ofthe PacificRim: ScenariosforRegional Cooperation. Forward by Boutros Boutros-Ghali. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 1994. ??, 263 pp. Paperback $18.95, isbn 0-275-95088-3. The Pacific Rim is fast emerging as one of the most economically dynamic regions in the world. Not only have we witnessed rapid economic growth and transformation in Japan, the newly industrializing countries ofEast Asia, and more recently China and Southeast Asia; we have also seen growing economic interactions among Pacific nations in terms of trade and economic activity, as well as the formation ofregional and subregional groupings and intense economic and security dialogue and networking. It is within this context that Western academics , businesspeople, and government officials are fascinated by the emerging trend ofregional integration in the Pacific Rim. Yet the Asia-Pacific region is also a region ofpolitical instabilities, ethnic tensions, territorial disputes, traditional rival- 74 China Review International: Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring 1997 ries, and arms proliferation. Many political and security issues could potentially threaten the economic success ofthis region. The editors ofthis book have brought together a group ofprominent scholars , business leaders, politicians, and diplomats from around the Pacific Rim to analyze the recent trend of Pacific economic and security cooperation, and to consider the likely scenarios for the future. The papers in this volume are arranged in six parts. In part 1, the editors provide a briefoverview of the role of the Pacific Rim in the changing global system, and Hadi Soesastro, an Indonesian scholar, offers a succinct history of the ideas and initiatives ofPan-Pacific cooperation since the mid-1960s. Part 2 focuses on economic structures and relationships in the Pacific Rim. Professor Nobuo Matsunaga presents a Japanese perspective on Pacific cooperation , arguing that Asia-Pacific nations must retain their openness to the world economic and trading system while promoting regional cooperation. This view is clearly shared by Professor Walter E. Hoadley of the Hoover Institution at Stanford . But he warns that there are many challenges to open regionalism, such as limited public understanding ofthe importance ofeconomic openness, the sluggish rate of global economic growth, the need for more shared leadership in the region, the availability and cost of capital, the changing government-business relationships , and the need to update the Western capitalist system. Some of these concerns are echoed by Kim Kihwan, a South Korean specialist, who argues that it is necessary to strengthen and improve the multilateral world trading system. Kim is particularly concerned about the negative effects ofregionalism in the Asia-Pacific region and other parts of the world. His recommendation to Asia-Pacific heads ofstate is that they should show stronger commitments to global free trade and take some practical steps to reduce discrimination against nonmembers oftheir trading blocs. Another chapter in this section, contributed by Huang Fan-zhang, a senior economist from China, examines the Japanese, American, and Chinese strategies for economic cooperation. China's position...


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