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Notes and Documents To the United States in Congress assembled The Address of the People called Quakers1 Being through the favour of Divine Providence met as usual at this season in our annual Assembly to promote the cause of Piety and Virtue; We find with great satisfaction our well meant endeavours for the relief of an oppressed part of our fellow Men have been so far blessed that those of them who have been held in bondage by Members of our Religious Society are generally restored to freedom, their natural and just right. Commiserating the afflicted State into which the Inhabitants of Africa are very deeply involved by many Professors of the mild and benign doctrines of the Gospel, and affected with a sincere concern for the essential Good of our Country, We conceive it our indispensible duty to revive the lamentable grievance of that oppressed people in your view as an interesting subject evidently claiming the serious attention of those who are entrusted with the power of Government, as Guardians of the common rights of Mankind , and advocates for liberty. We have long beheld with sorrow the complicated evils produced by an unrighteous commerce which subjects many thousands of the human species to the deplorable State of Slavery. The Restoration of Peace and restraint to the effusion of human Blood we are persuaded excite in the minds of many of all Christian denominations gratitude and thankfulness to the all wise Controuler of human events; but we have grounds to fear, that some forgetful of the days of Distress are prompted from avaricious 1. Record Group 360, Records of the Continental Congress, Item 43, Remonstrances and Addresses to Congress, National Archives. The text as printed here is from a photocopy of the original document in the National Archives, secured by Roger Avery Stubbs of Long Lake, Minnesota. The original bears the signatures of 535 Friends, and it is regretted that space does not permit the printing of the list here. The copy in the Minutes of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, and the holograph copy in the hand of Anthony Benezet in the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College do not have these signatures. The Address was presented to Congress, then meeting in Princeton, by Anthony Benezet and three other Friends on October 8, 1783. 119 120QUAKER HISTORY motives to renew the iniquitous trade for Slaves to the African Coasts, contrary to every humane and righteous consideration, and in opposition to the solemn declarations often repeated in favour of universal liberty, thereby increasing the too general torrent of Corruption and licentiousness, and laying a foundation for future Calamities. We therefore earnestly sollicit your Christian interposition to discourage and prevent so obvious an Evil, in such manner as under the influence of Divine Wisdom you shall see meet— Signed in and on behalf of our Yearly Meeting held in Philadelphia for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, and the Western parts of Maryland and Virginia; dated the fourth day of the tenth Month, 1783— (Signatures of 535 Friends appended) BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTES Edited by Edwin B. Bronner The Making of a Feminist; Early Journals and Letters of M. Carey Thomas. Edited by Marjorie Housepian Dobkin. Kent, Ohio: State University Press, 1980. 314 pp. cloth $15.00, paper $5.95. Persons who are interested in the Quaker response to the opportunities and problems of higher education for women in the latter half of the nineteenth century will wish to read carefully The Making of a Feminist; Early Journals and Letters of M. Carey Thomas, edited by Marjorie Housepian Dobkin. It has been more than twenty-five years since the last effort to appraise the contribution of Carey Thomas to the creation and establishment of Bryn Mawr College. Both Edith Finch, in her biography of Miss Thomas, and Cornelia Meigs, the author of the college oriented What Makes a College had access to much the same body of biographical and historical materials as did the current editor, Marjorie Dobkin. Miss Thomas was such a commanding figure in the first forty years of Bryn Mawr College's existence that any publication of some of her numerous journals, diaries and correspondence will find a ready market. As...


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