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BOOK REVIEWS67 pained these women more than that of outsiders, and drove them on toward Seneca Falls. One wonders whether Whittier's own ambivalent feelings about women had something to do with his stand; and whether in Harriet Livermore, a character in his long narrative poem "Snowbound" we see the stereotype of the "itinerant female vagabond lecturer," the traveling female abolitionist. This however is a small point to raise in relation to the memory of a man who has given us so many moving poems and hymns, and whose life story is a tribute to the talent of the human spirit for transformation . Elizabeth Vining has done us all a real service in bringing us a vivid picture of the beloved Quaker poet. The extremely handsome illustrations, drawn primarily from old etchings, make it a good book for gift giving at any time of year. PhiladelphiaMargaret H. Bacon While it is Day: An Autobiography. By Elton Trueblood. New York, Harper & Row, 1974. Pp. xi, 170. Price $5.95. We must work the works of him who sent me, while it is day. —John 9:4 Elton Trueblood is probably the Friend in this hemisphere who is best known as a Friend. What he has found to do, he has done with his might. Graduating from Penn College (now William Penn) in 1922, he has studied at Brown, Hartford Seminary, Harvard and Johns Hopkins, where he earned the Ph.D. degree. During his student years he served as Meeting secretary in New England and in Baltimore Yearly Meeting. He has taught at Guilford, Haverford, Stanford University, and Earlham. He has written some thirty books. He has been visiting professor at many places. He has lectured all over the United States. Deliberately remaining a Friend, Elton Trueblood has increasingly ministered to persons of many religious connections, or none. His concern is the renewal of Christianity, emphasizing the importance of the inner life of devotion, the outer life of disciplined service, and the intellectual life of rationality. He believes that "Our hope lies, not in any natural goodness, . . . but rather in the self-consciousness which makes it possible for persons to examine what they do and sometimes, in consequence, change." Increasingly he has sought the resources for change in the close study of the life and teachings of Jesus. His autobiography is a simple account of his childhood in the nearpioneer life of an Iowa farm, his student years, his work as author, teacher and "preacher," and his present stage as a "rambler" with the imaginative title of Professor at Large from Earlham College. He describes his family life without sentimentality and with joy. Most interesting to me is the chapter on "Author," describing his methods, and also the reason or impulse for most of his books. His first draft is written in longhand with a fountain pen. He cuts ruthlessly. All of his books, including the autobiography, are brief. Several, such as The Predicament of Modern Man and Alternative to Futility, have been compact , exceptionally readable, and immensely influential. The People Called Quakers is a very perceptive description of the many sorts of people 68QUAKER HISTORY who call themselves Friends, genuinely appreciative of all the branches while frankly disavowing the fundamentalism characteristic of some groups of Friends. Perhaps his most exciting literary achievement is the culmination of the almost life-long search for material about Robert Barclay. The story of the discovery of long-lost Barclay papers is fascinating. The result is Robert Barclay, which seems to be as nearly definitive as a biography can be when it is impossible to know what material may still lie overlooked in attics. For a decade ending in 1945, Elton Trueblood was Editor of The Friend (Philadelphia). It was my good fortune to serve as his assistant. He made The Friend a vigorous and interesting periodical; and demonstrated the capacity for generous and enduring friendship with colleagues which is one of his outstanding characteristics. In this autobiography Elton Trueblood continues to give his readers inspiration and encouragement. Moorestown, N.J.Richard R. Wood Addison Hutton: Quaker Architect, 1834-1916. By Elizabeth Biddle Yarnall. Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press, [1974]. 112 pages. Illustrated. $10.00 This long...


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