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Articles and Publications by Mary Ellen Chijioke and Patricia A. Silva Within a wide range of new works related to Quaker history, two are general introductions that can open the way to further study. Harvey Gillman's pamphlet, A Light That Is Shining: An Introduction to the Quakers (London: Quaker Home Service, 1997) includes a brief but very helpful introduction to Quaker history for new attenders. The Religious Education Committee of Friends General Conference has produced Quakers on the Move: A Storybook of Quaker History from 1652 to Today (Philadelphia: Friends General Conference, 1996), aimed at younger readers. H. Larry Ingle's Friends Historical Society Presidential Lecture delivered at Britain Yearly Meeting in 1997, "The Future of Quaker History" (Journal ofthe Friends Historical Society, 58.1(1997): 1-16) examines the state ofQuaker historiography. Ingle lists several areas ofresearch needing attention, including: more good localhistories; biographies ofMargaretFell Fox, William Penn, George Whitehead, the Peningtons, Richard Hubberthorne, Edward Burroughs, and those who "ran out"; institutional histories, including the origins of the Meeting for Sufferings, the Second Day Meeting, and the Meeting of 1 2; the subtler issues of gender relationships , marriage, family, and Quakers and Blacks; numerous topics in the nineteenth century; and almost everything in the twentieth. Ingle continues to discuss his own sense of the state of historiography of seventeenthcentury Quakerism. Several titles deal with the first generation of Quakers. In "A Critique of the Originality ofGeorge Fox" (Friends Quarterly 32. 1 (January 1998): 2635 ), Anne Baines argues that there were few original doctrines in George Fox's preaching but that he was "an original" in Penn's sense, developing a form of Church Government that harnessed the centrifugal force of the radical theology of the times. Anthony Wilson treats a narrower topic in his article, "George Fox in Lichfield, 1651" (Friends Quarterly 32. 1 (January 1998): 36-44), in which he relates the context for the famous denunciation, "Woe to the bloody city of Lichfield." Two works cover early Quaker relations with others in Puritan England. David Boulton describes "The Quaker Military Alliance" (Friends Quarterly 31.8 (October 1997): 393-405) in the pre-pacifist days of the 1650s, when Quakers supported Cromwell's military rule, served as soldiers and naval officers, and were perceived by others as the radical wing ofthe armed Articles and Publications67 revolution. In Primitivism, Radicalism and the Lamb's War: The BaptistQuaker Conflict in Seventeenth-Century England (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), T. L. Underwood argues that the two groups were at loggerheads precisely because of their similarities. Three other new titles on the first generation are more specific. In "The New-England Glass: Some New Reflections Seen in an Old Mirror" (Journal of Unconventional History 7.3 (1996): 8-28), Leon Howard identifies Samuel Groóme (d. ca. 1684), a Quaker ship captain and courier for Penn and Fox, as the compiler and publisher ofA Glassfor the People ofNew-England (London, 1676). Val Major's article, "Times and Seasons: The Quaker View" (Friends Quarterly 32.1 (January 1998): 20-25), describes the origins ofthe Quaker testimony against recognizing certain days or periods as more holy than others and Friends' sufferings for doing business on Christmas, Easter, and the Sabbath. In "Quakers and the Inquisition" (Journal ofthe FriendsHistorical Society 58:1(1997): 17-19), Geoffrey Nuttell has prepared an English overview of Stefano Villani's work comparing Italian and English sources on the early Quaker missionaries to Catholic Italy to uncover the Italian perceptions of the affair. Villani's latest work is/ Quaccheri contro ilPapa: AlcuniPamphletInglesi del '600 tra Menzogne e Verità (Florence: Leo S. Olschki Editore, 1998). At the other end of the scholarly spectrum, Rebecca Stefoff has produced a new children's biography ofWilliam Penn (Broomall, PA: Chelsea House Publications, 1998). As a test for scholars of eighteenth-century English Quakerism, Derek Forbes has presented The Enigma of John Bingley's Poem "The Fair Quakers" (1713): And a Challenge to Quaker Historians (Hertford: Blot Publishing, 1996). Forbes searches the conventional word pictures of nineteen admired Quaker girls and sets out the clues to the identities of the originals. The emerging and multiplying variety of modern American Quakerism informs several recent...


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