Abstract

The study of women's mobilization in Israel/Palestine highlights complex relationships between gender and nationalist struggles. Relations between Arab women's organizations and Arab political parties in Israel reveal a multiplicity of forms of cooperation, autonomization and tensions between those two spheres of involvement. In analysing the evolution of those relations since 1948, this article underlines how feminist and women's organizations relate differently to the concepts of politics and the political. Often originating from communist and nationalist movements, some women leaders perceive associations as professional alternatives to conventional politics and an autonomous space for the politicization of gender issues. Their militant careers reveal a conflict between professional legitimacy and partisan closeness. On the contrary, Islamic women's organizations continue to work under the leadership of the political movement through developing a non-militant social discourse. By articulating the study of relations with political parties and the perception of women activists regarding the concepts of politics and the political, this research points out the mobility and porosity of borders between women's organizations and the partisan sphere.

Abstract

L'étude des mobilisations féminines en Israël/Palestine met au jour des relations complexes entre lutte de genre et lutte nationaliste. Les relations entre associations de femmes et partis politiques arabes en Israël illustrent la multiplicité des formes de coopération, d'autonomisation et de tensions entre ces deux sphères d'engagement. En analysant l'évolution de ces relations depuis 1948, cet article souligne combien les associations féminines et/ou féministes entretiennent des rapports pluriels avec le/la politique. Souvent issues des mouvements communiste et nationaliste, certaines dirigeantes pensent l'associatif comme une pratique alternative professionnelle à la politique conventionnelle et un espace autonome de politisation des questions de genre. Leurs carrières militantes révèlent une articulation conflictuelle entre légitimité professionnelle et proximité partisane. D'autres, au contraire, telles les associations islamiques de femmes, continuent d'œuvrer sous la tutelle du mouvement politique tout en développant un discours social non militant. En articulant l'étude des relations avec les partis et la perception que les femmes engagées ont du/de la politique, cette recherche souligne la mobilité et la porosité des frontières entre sphère associative féminine et sphère partisane.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1961-8646
Print ISSN
0027-2671
Pages
pp. 45-62
Launched on MUSE
2010-07-11
Open Access
No
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