Abstract

Until 2003, it was illegal to hunt migratory birds in Alaska during the spring and summer. Even though many Alaska Natives have a long history of hunting migratory birds, use of these resources is not well documented. Here we present our preliminary analyses of the bird remains recovered from the Deering Archaeological District (49-KTZ-169), located in Deering, Northwest Alaska. Relatively large bird assemblages from two sites (KTZ-299 and 300) provide information on the use of birds during both Ipiutak and Thule occupations dating between about 1300 and 800 years ago. We find strong evidence that the Ipiutak and Thule people inhabiting the sites relied heavily on migratory birds, including ducks, geese, and murres. Zooarchaeological analyses demonstrate that Alaska Natives and their ancestors have been using migratory birds in this region during the spring and summer for more than a dozen centuries.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1933-8139
Print ISSN
0066-6939
Pages
pp. 37-50
Launched on MUSE
2011-03-30
Open Access
No
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