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E.M. FüRSTEÃ-Ã-: AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF WRITINGS ABOUT HIM Compiled and edited by Helmut E. Gerber Annotated by R.A.E. Brooks (Vassar), H.E. Gerber (Purdue), Charles Green (Purdue), Lee Holt (American International), and David Shusterman (University of Indiana, Jeffersonville). That a checklist of writings about E.M. Forster should be compiled at all needs little excuse. While he remains active in a more or less non-literary way, it seems clear that Forster is not likely to publish any more major fiction. Further , although at least three full-length books and a modest number of serious scholarly articles on Forster have appeared, there is no really thorough bibliography of writings about him, very few accurate selected ones, and, I believe, no annotated one. In existing bibliographies, one discovers curious inclusions and equally curious omissions. Mr. Stallraan, in Aldridge's CRITIQUES AND ESSAYS ON MODERN FICTION, for example, lists J.W. Beach's THE TWENTIETH CENTURY NOVEL, Helen Haines' WHhT1S NEW IN A NOVEL, and Herbert Müller's book on the novel, although in all of these Forster's name merely appears quite insignificantly in a list, sometimes only once in the entire book. Mr. McConkey's selected list in his 1957 book does not include Gertrude VÃ-hite's important 1953 PMLA article, nor the several provocative and perhaps provoking items by D.S. Savage. Beaumont's ten-page DUBLIN REVIEW article and Hickley's DOWNSIDE REVIEW article are not, I believe, listed in any work on Forster, although Noel Annan's review-article on Trilling's book on Forster is often listed. No doubt the present list includes some fairly minor items on Forster, but all of them come to more than mere mentions of his name in lists. No doubt the present list inadvertently omits some items that warrant inclusion, but these are not, I hope, major ones» As in previous checklists of this kind, I have not included most reviews. And, as before, I have encouraged annotators to express critical opinions whenever they wished. This list is dated about mid-March, 1959. Additions and corrections will always be welcome. Allen, Glen 0, "Structure, Symbol, and Theme in A PASSAGE TO INDIA," PMLA, LXX (Dec. 1955), 934-54. Interprets PASSAGE in terms of F1s own philosophy and "cosmos," deduced from the novel and other of F's writings and sources,, including Schopenhauer, PASSAGE expresses th'e need for "proportion," not a mean between "repugnant extremes" of three approaches to life, but a vital activity, a reconciling passage through the human norm of the significantly located Mediterranean. Mosques, Caves, Temple, representing the Way of Works, of Knowledge, of Love, as well as Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, are each of them defective. The characters attached to each but influenced by all may be reconciled though not completely united (Fielding, Aziz) by vital activity leading to balance. Allen, Walter. THE ENGLISH NOVEL. Lond: Phoenix House, 1954, pp. 319-26; NY: Dutton, 1955, pp. 400-409. F., a "tragic humanist" who sees a void beneath the surface of things (Marabar echoes), combines Victorian melodrama, author-comment moralizing with liberal-agnostic-antiimperialist attitude focusing on social justice. The advocate of balance, F. satirizes the "undeveloped heart" in his first four novels. His "business" characters are not based on observation. Gino, Wonham, Bast fail as symbols because they "stand for too much." PASSAGE, based on concrete contemporary history and observation, and Mrs. Moore as symbol are successful. 5. ............. "Reassessments—HOWARD'S EIiD," NEW STATESMAN AND NATION, XLXIX (March 19, 1955), 407-8. HOWARD'S END fails in that the Wilcoxes .are caricatures , Bast "a dummy based on sentimentality," and Margaret Schlegel a "passionless prig." Some of the evidence in support of F's code of values is based on preconceived notions and literary tradition rather than on observation . HOWARD'S END is not an adequate microcosm of England. Annan, Noel. "Books in General," KEW STATESMAN AND NATION, XXVIII (Oct. 7, 1944), 239-40. Following a brief criticism of Trilling's study, Annan suggests that F's "passionate" honesty—a characteristic of the circle of G.E, Moore (the influence of whose PRINCIPIA ETHICA Trilling failed to note)—will make him...


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