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156 E. M, FORSTER: RECENT EXTENDED STUDIES by Frederick P. W. McDowell (Un i vers i ty of Iowa) Eight previous books since I960 have appeared on Forster, and the books discussed in this essay swell this number.' The B. J. Kirkpatrick bibliography is indispensable for Forster study, since it lists the fugitive writings and makes many of them, in effect, available for the first time. Some aspects of Forster's mind and development are still not altogether clear, despite the excellent work of Frederick C. Crews and Wilfred Stone;2 and the uncollected writings will be of immense help in clarifying the outermost reaches and the innermost lacunae of Forster's art and intellect. The Malcolm Bradbury anthology has a perceptive Introduction that traces the history of Forster criticism, and it contains a fine new essay by H, A, Smith on Forster's nineteenth-century origins. David Shusterman's book is, for the most part, negligible, and it is wrong-headed in its discussion of Forster's greatest novel, A PASSAGE TO INDIA. And Wilfred Stone's book, while not "the most important to appear on E, M. Forster since Lionel Trilling acclaimed him as a major novelist twenty years ago" (dust-jacket comment by Noel Annan), is one no Forsterian can ignore. He will have to respect Mr, Stone's scholarship and ambition, even if he may disagree with some of the interpretations set forth and have some reservations about his psychoanalytic methodology. Miss B. J. Kirkpatrick's A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF E. M. FÖRSTER is a descriptive listing of Forster's writings, and it follows the format established for the earlier Soho Bibliographies. Section A, "Books and Pamphlets," contains notations of especial value about the British and American editions of the books and their publishing history. Forster also wrote many pamphlets, most of which were collected in ABINGER HARVEST and TWO CHEERS FOR DEMOCRACY. The information contained in this section could only have been the result of painstaking research and is to be valued accordingly. Section B, "Contributions to Books and Pamphlets," reveals Forster as the writer of numerous introductions for the works of others; and only some of these introductions have been reprinted. Section C, "Contributions to Periodicals and Newspapers," may prove the most useful of all the listings for the student and critic. Here Forster emerges as the author of over five hundred articles, reviews, and letters, only a fraction of which has been reprinted. Wilfred Stone is the only writer on Forster to have made much use of these uncollected materials which are often more revealing than essays already collected. Listings of quoted letters, interviews, and letters to the press (jointly signed with others) provide further important compilations for the student of Forster. The sheer abundance of all this miscellaneous writing confirms Forster's own judgment in the Foreward: "The longer one lives the less one feels to have done, and I am both surprised and glad to discover from this bibliography that I have written so much." If we judge him by the voluminous criticism of the last ten years, Forster is a major writer. Hence, it will soon be time for an inclusive edition of the miscellaneous works, Some of these are so scattered and appeared originally in such out of the way sources that even the listing of titles and sources in this bibliography does not always aid the student eager to read Forster complete. As does any bibliography that is carefully compiled, Miss Kirkpatrick's makes excellent browsing for the interested reader, In the future this bibliography 157 may be corrected in a few details, but it is unlikely to be superseded. It is a pleasure to welcome and endorse a book that must so soon become standard. Harry T. Moore's E. M. FORSTER in the Columbia Essays on Modern Writers advances the study of Forster less, I think, than even a pamphlet of this sort should. In my view, it is a less perceptive analysis than that contained in Rex Warner's similar contribution to the British Writers and Their Work series.3 Mr. Moore does well with interweaving Forster's life with his work, and he has...


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