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ELT 38:4 1995 subjects, the only text of Nietzsche's ever referred to is Thus Spoke Zarathustra. And although it is valuable to know just how deeply Frieda was imbued with a romanticized appreciation of Zarathustra, this biography would have benefited from greater attention to the cultural milieu of Nietzsche's reception in England, for which the New Age was so important, and from greater familiarity with the important work done on the Lawrence/Nietzsche relation over the last decade by Kingsley Widmer. But other than that, Brenda Maddox's D. H. Lawrence: The Story of a Marriage is a welcome addition to the Lawrence shelf. I highly recommend it as a satisfying literary entertainment and as a balanced and exhaustive reconsideration of a great writer. About Peter Preston's A D. H. Lawrence Chronology all that needs to be said is that it provides a useful tool for scholars needing to track the often tortuous composition and publication histories of Lawrence's writings, and that its bibliography and indexes constitute a significant improvement over and updating of Keith Sagar's Calendar. However, those with limited budgets and good academic libraries nearby will probably want to forego the $45.00 price-tag in favor of exchanging a very reasonable $30.00 to own a copy of Maddox's biography. Bruce Clarke ______________ Texas Tech University Visionary Lawrence Robert E. Montgomery. The Visionary D. H. Lawrence: Beyond Philosophy and Art. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 248 pp. $49.95 ROBERT MONTGOMERY'S book on "the visionary D. H. Lawrence" provides little new information, yet it does fill a niche in Lawrence studies. Its central premise—that only an integrated view, embracing both the artist and the philosopher, can do justice to Lawrence's work—has been voiced by a great many others. The concentration on Lawrence's polaric way of viewing the world, in terms of dynamic opposites within an overarching whole, is the focus of such other studies as Graham Hough's The Dark Sun and James C. Cowan's The TremblingBaIance. Montgomery's pantheon of important parallels to Lawrence's thinking also has a familiar look: George Paniches, for example, has already pointed to Heraclitus as one of Lawrence's kindred spirits, Eleanor Green to Schopenhauer, Colin Milton to Nietzsche. Even Montgomery's care in using the word "parallel" rather than "influ546 BOOK REVIEWS ence" is itself paralleled in other studies. Montgomery names and credits the work of many of his predecessors in locating this "visionary" Lawrence. Where his own work is most useful is in providing a fairly comprehensive analysis of some of the major writers whose ideas Lawrence shares, and, by so doing, to elaborate Lawrence's vision in a more systematic way than Lawrence himself ever could or ever wished to elaborate it. Montgomery's starting point for explicating the art-philosophy polarity at the heart of Lawrence's writings is Samuel Taylor Coleridge. This is not because Lawrence ever studied Coleridge's philosophy (there's no evidence that he did), but rather because "the logic that is present but silent in Lawrence's writings is articulate and audible in Coleridge." "Polarity" is the key term, a metaphor appropriated from advances in the study of magnetism and electricity in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Only reason is capable of apprehending this law or principle; understanding is a shallow, insufficient approach to dichotomies because it lacks the intuition to reconcile them. Imagination takes the ideas of reason and translates them into symbols in order to communicate polarity and its reconciliation. To Coleridge and other Romantic thinkers, like Lawrence, the Cartesian dualism separating mind from body, spirit from matter, human beings from the natural world, is a falsehood. Lawrence eagerly, sometimes desperately, sought to find or craft a world view that was religious without being Christian and scientific without being materialistic. In his introductory chapter, Montgomery identifies the pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Heraclitus, the seventeenth -century theosophist Jacob Boehme, and the nineteenth-century author Friedrich Nietzsche as major thinkers who helped Lawrence to "clarify his soul," as Lawrence said about the early Greeks. What links these individuals from different time periods is a unifying...


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