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BOOK REVIEWS two fundamentally opposite positions toward cinema: while Joyce, for all his montage-like techniques in Ulysses and his principal interest in film, did in his writings not theorize about cinema, Lowry saw in the collaboration between film and fiction a fruitful nexus for future artistic work. Unlike Joyce, who "invited the literary community into a new reading of the increasingly esoteric word, Lowry invited the literary community to break out of its worship exclusively of the written word." While Lowry saw in Joyce "not only the word as culmination but also the word as culde -sac," he felt "the limitations of what had become the modernist literary tradition and was prepared to renew it by opening the word as text to the audiovisual image as text." Certainly the contemporary dialogue between the media of print and film corroborates Lowry's interartistic vision . Thus, Joyce /Lowry is a highly suggestive and useful collection that enlarges our received conception of (a monolithic) modernism and enriches the critical and intertextual dialogue between the two practitioners of its title. The volume is not "a strange assembly of incongruous parts," as Lowry, in a creative misunderstanding of a Lawrentian phrase, once observed of Ulysses, but rather an engaging assembly of congruous parts, reflecting in their contextual plurality the polyphonic diversity of Joyce and Lowry's texts. Joyce of course does not need any consolidation of his reputation. But this collection, and the increasing prominence of the Malcolm Lowry Review, edited by Paul Tiessen, should help confirm Lowry's reputation as an extraordinarily rich and rewarding writer of his own. Michael Wutz Weber State University I Précis I Jill Martyn University of North Carolina, Greensboro Lightman, Bernard, ed. Victorian Science in Context. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. 489 pp. Cloth $70.00 Paper $22.50 In his introduction to this collection of essays, Lightman says the contributors "have tried in this volume to explore the heart of Victorian science and have 509 ELT 41 : 4 1998 found ourselves coming face to face with the soul of Victorian culture." Basing their work on the assumption that the history of Victorian science is best studied within a social and cultural context, twenty essayists examine the role of science vis à vis Victorian England's imperial, industrial, political, literary, and religious nature. The book is illustrated, and the essays include "Satire and Science in Victorian Culture," "Redrawing the Boundaries: Darwinian Science and Victorian Women Intellectuals," "Science and the Secularization of Victorian Images of Race," "Strange New Worlds of Space and Time: Late Victorian Science and Science Fiction," and "Wallace's Malthusian Moment: The Common Context Revisited." Parker, Peter and Frank Kermode, eds. A Reader's Guide to Twentieth Century Writers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. 825 pp. $35.00 Containing brief biographies of over 1,000 authors, poets, and playwrights from the United States, Canada, Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, India , Africa, and the Caribbean, this book is an excellent resource on the lives and work of major literary figures writing in English in the last century. Each profile includes a biographical outline and critical assessment as well as a complete bibliography of the artist's work, paying equal attention to his or her personal and professional life. One thing that the alphabetized compendium does seem to be missing, however, is an index. Smith, Patricia Juliana. Lesbian Panic: Homoeroticism in Modern British Women's Fiction. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. 236 pp. Cloth $49.50 Paper $16.50 What is "lesbian panic"? For the purposes of this book, Smith defines it as "the disruptive action or reaction that occurs when a character—or, conceivably, an author—is either unable or unwilling to confront or reveal her own lesbianism or lesbian desire." Virginia Woolf features prominently in Smith's examination of how lesbianism functions in modern and post-modern British fiction. Smith stresses that the book does not address narrative theory, nor is it a Freudian study of lesbianism. However, I would argue that, given her choice of authors and texts to analyze, Smith seems to cover familiar ground in regards to the presence of lesbianism (or its lack thereof) in modern literature. This is...


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