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ELT 44 : 3 2001 Fantastic Story" was published in parts in the Catholic magazine Blackfriars in 1931-1932. He had become, in 1930, a canon of the Diocese of St. Andrews and Edinburgh. Two weeks later Florence Gribbell, Raffalovich 's companion, died, and their enclosed world began to fall apart. Four years after, in February 1934, Raffalovich, now frail, was found dead by a maid who summoned him for his morning taxi ride to Mass at St. Peter's Church. Gray, two years his junior at sixty-eight, presided at the funeral, but he was stunned and disoriented. As had been his practice on major occasions for nearly thirty years, he telephoned to Raffalovich's home "to seek his approval for the arrangements." Gray never recovered. Four months later he was found dead at his desk. The author of Silverpoints had spent a lifetime buying up copies of the book to destroy them, and in his library he had kept books from his earlier life with their spines turned toward the wall—"like so many naughty children," an ecclesiastical colleague would remark. McCormack does not tell us whether one of these volumes was Dorian Gray. Stanley Weintraub ______________ Pennsylvania State University Gladstone, Volume Il Richard Shannon. Gladstone, Volume II: 1865-1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999. xvii + 702 pp. $49.95 SINCE 1982, when R. T Shannon published the first volume, Gladstone: Peel's Inheritor, 1809-1865, of a new, perceptive biography of W E. Gladstone, the second concluding volume has been eagerly anticipated . All the more so because of the comprehensive research and keen interpretations which marked Shannon's first instalment of this magisterial project. Here we have the positive and negative aspects of Gladstone 's inordinately long political career in British political life and the "partial" hero's complex personality with emphasis on patterns of behavior readily apparent (and often troubling) to the Grand Old Man's close friends, associates and family. Although Shannon's chronicle and analysis of the thought and work of Gladstone reflect a somewhat Tory bias (Shannon is also a sympathetic historian of the Conservative party), he well describes and details what John Grigg remarked (in his essay on Herbert Gladstone in Telling Lives: From W. B. Yeats to Bruce Chatwin, 2000) was "the casuistry, convolutions of language and agonies of conscience that people found so exasperating " in Gladstone. By carrying forward in this second volume his 358 BOOK REVIEWS deconstruction of Gladstone's personality and emphasizing how it affected his political career, Shannon illustrates the traits and behavior which Gladstone's previous biographers (John Morley, Philip Magnus, Roy Jenkins, and Colin Matthew) have also observed (sometimes too lightly). He can hardly conceal his distaste for and irritation with Gladstone 's messianic complex, double standard in his personal life (especially his long association with the demi-monde Laura Thislethwayte), and his authoritarian behavior as leader of the Liberal party and as Prime Minister (which greatly contributed to the demise of the governments he dominated). Shannon certainly presents ample evidence, largely from an intensive study of Gladstone's voluminous and revealing diaries (which only became entirely available in 1994), to substantiate his portrait and analysis of Gladstone the man and statesman (especially as a reformer). Indeed, everything you want to know about the Grand Old Man's life and activities during the last four decades of his existence can be found in this volume of his biography. The great events in Gladstone's political career after 1865 were the reforms in his first government (1868-1874), the Bulgarian Horrors agitation in 1876-1877 (on which Shannon published his doctoral dissertation , Gladstone and the Bulgarian Agitation 1876 [1963] and uses to good effect in three chapters of this book), and the Irish Home Rule struggle which split the Liberal party in the mid-1880s. In almost all of these issues, as in dealing with problems before 1865, Shannon depicts a man completely convinced that he was "God's instrument" doing the work of the Almighty. This "high-minded" sanctity and egomania were also applied to his anti-Semitism when confronting his arch rival Disraeli . As Shannon implies, the Grand Old Man was also...


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