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Abstracts (Fall 1991) At the December 1990 Board Meeting, the Editorial Board approved the idea of publishing short abstracts of all books published in English on the history of women everywhere in the world. These abstracts, combined with the ten-year bibliographical listings of periodical literature, detailed abstracts of f ordgn language books published outside the United States, and review essays of books on spedfic themes or topics, will allow readers to keep abreast of the continuing explosion of publications in women's history. The first short abstracts of books in women's history published in English appear in this issue, following three longer abstracts. The short abstracts are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or title of collection of essays within geographical areas. The category of "General" indudes cross-cultural studies, surveys, and primarily theoretical works. Page numbers include supporting materials, such as endnotes, bibliography , and index. Where available, ISBN numbers are given for both doth and paper editions. Abstracts are published anonymously; a list of abstracters will be published yearly. Paul Vieille and Farhad Khosrokhavar. Le discours populaire de la révolution iranienne. Paris: Contemporaneité, 1990. 2 Volumes: Vol. 1, Commentaries, 362 p., Vol. 2, Interviews, 364 p. This remarkable analysis of the Iranian revolution by one of the leading Middle Eastern scholars, Paul Vieille, and his collaborator, Farhad Khosrokhavar, sheds new light not only on the Iranian revolution but on Islam as a whole. Through interviews conduded in Iran before and after the revolution, the two researchers were able to diaraderize several clearly distind, popular interpretations of Islam during and in the aftermath of the revolution. Five of these popular interpretations are particularly noteworthy . In the first interpretation, what can best be called "andent popular Islam" survived the revolution without much change and can be compared to popular Christianity in Mediterranean countries until the beginning of this century. In a reductive way, both are cults of saints. In the second interpretation, this popular pantheon is depopulated and replaced by the derical state as the result of the confrontation of the popular Islam avatar with urban dereliction. In the third interpretation, a doctrinaire Islam, with its main dimension being the attraction/repulsion of the West, gives way to a search for authenticity. In the fourth interpretation, a fraction of the © 1991 Journal of Women-s History, Vol 3 No. 2 OFall) 1991 Abstracts 107 popular classes affirms and promotes itself as a support for the new derical power, creating a politico-religious active Islam, one that is of the disinherited . Finally, a new, popular, and entirely secularized Islam emerges, representing the greatest innovation of this period. This last interpretation of Islam could be compared to what is called liberation theology in Latin America. Volume one indudes in its introduction a critical analysis of various interpretations of the Iranian revolutions by some of the well-known scholars on this topic (Ahmad Ashraf, Ah Banuazizi, Said Amir Arjomand, and Nikki Keddie). Although coming from different disdplines—sodology , anthropology, orientalism—these sdiolars bring out identical hypotheses : the three hypotheses of continuity, heterogeneity, and antirevolution. The first part of this volume sets the revolutionary drama with a description of the revolution's foundations, its adors (leaders, students, young people, women) and their actions (demonstrations and martyrdom). The second part analyzes the various representations of Islam through its continuities and discontinuities, its avant-gardes and disinherited, and through the new popular Islam. The third part assesses the tomorrows of the revolution with interrogations about sodety, the State, the direction of the derics, and the relation of the masses to them. Finally, the condusion looks at the future of the revolution through the extinction of a sodal movement unable to realize its dreams. Volume two gives us integral interviews conduded between February 1979 and October 1980 with various groups and individuals. The people interviewed include workers, state employees, poets, and peasants. These interviews are fascinating because, kept in their original forms, with a limited and predsely defined editing process which stays close to the original, they give us a true voice of the people from the popular dasses. They reproduce a spontaneity and frankness one might not have expected in a climate...


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