Stuart B. Schwartz is George Burton Adams Professor of History at Yale University. Trained by Lewis Hanke and Stanley Stein (Ph.D., Columbia University, 1968), among his books are Early Latin America (1984) with James Lockhart and Sugar Plantations in the Formation of Brazilian Society (1985), which won the Bolton Prize. He is presently finishing a book on popular attitudes of tolerance in Early Modern Iberia and Latin America. He was made a Comendador of the Order of the Southern Cross by Brazil in 2000.
Matthew Butler received a doctorate in Latin American History from the University of Bristol in 2000 for his research on Mexico’s cristero rebellion. He is currently Junior Research Fellow in Latin American History at Churchill College, University of Cambridge, and is also a Postdoctoral Fellow of the British Academy. He is the author of several articles on the cristero revolt and is currently researching the religious history of the Mexican Revolution and other aspects of Mexican popular culture. A monograph based on his doctoral research, Devotion and Deviance in Religious Revolt: Popular Piety and Political Identity in Mexico’s Cristero Rebellion, will shortly be published by Oxford University Press in conjunction with the British Academy. Email: email@example.com.
Erick D. Langer is Associate Professor of History at Georgetown University. He has authored and co-edited various books and many articles on rural labor relations, commerce, land tenure, and frontiers. He is presently finishing a monograph on the Franciscan missions among the Chiriguanaos, 1840-1949. A reader, Contemporary Indigenous Movements in Latin America, published by Scholarly Resources, will also soon appear under his editorship.
Michael M. Smith is Professor of History at Oklahoma State University. In 1971 he received a Ph.D. in Latin American History from Texas Christian University, where he was a student of Donald E. Worcester. His publications include The “Real Expedición Marítima de la Vacuan” in New Spain and Guatemala (The American Philosophical Society, 1974) and The Mexicans in Oklahoma (University of Oklahoma Press, 1980). His research interests include Mexican migration and Mexican clandestine activities in the United States during the Revolution.
Erin O’Connor received her Ph.D. from Boston College and is currently Assistant Professor of History at West Chester University in Pennsylvania. Information for her article in this issue was taken from her work on a book manuscript that examines the relationship between gender, Indians, and state formation in late nineteenth-century Ecuador. [End Page iv]