Komal Swaminathan (1935-1995) is one of the most important Tamil playwrights of the twentieth century. His work was highly commended by critics and widely followed by popular audiences. Water! (Thaneer, Thaneer; 1980) is his most significant work and may be regarded as an excellent example of a species of political drama influential in the 1970s, not only in the Tamil theatrical world but in India in general. It appears here for the first time in English translation.