Recent elections have reestablished procedural democracy in Bangladesh. An alliance led by the center-left Awami League defeated a nationalist-Islamist coalition by a landslide. Democratic consolidation will depend on the new government's ability to deliver basic justice and security, which had deteriorated alarmingly since 2001 under a corrupt and semiauthoritarian government that gave Islamist extremists a free reign in an otherwise moderate country and eventually prompted a military takeover. Despite pressing economic needs, the government will now need to invest in rebuilding state and democratic institutions to reduce the lingering threats of extremism and authoritarianism.