This chapter from my 2005 book, Fresh Lipstick: Redressing Fashion and Feminism, was dropped for length considerations because it focused on such a short period of time (the war only lasted a little more than four years, while my book was trying to cover 150 years and still be affordable as a purchase). However, many who had read the original draft missed it when the book finally came out, including the peer reviewers. Like any book chapter, however, this one builds on arguments from previous parts of the book, while also setting up expectations for information yet to come. So, I have tried to help readers who have not read the full book along by inserting little signposts that point to evidence, arguments, and even people and campaigns that appeared elsewhere in Fresh Lipstick. Though the chapter stands well on its own, I hope these little additions will make the piece easier to understand by providing further context.