restricted access Νέοι: Διάθεση Χρόνον. Σχέσειυ (review)
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350 Reviews for Greece what Artunkal wrote for Turkey: "It is difficult to inhabit a conquered land when one constantly has its predecessors chasing you" (p. 220). Another stimulating article studies the image of Greeks and Turks from 1900 to 1925 as portrayed in 23 Greek works of fiction. The author, Dalègre, who did not participate in the symposium , shows how a literature which gives an overall positive image of the Turk and of his relations with his fellow Greek countryman, has been reread and duly purged in the Greek school textbooks in order to serve nationalistic purposes. The last paper by Gürsel is a very well written piece on an older subject: it presents the well-known Turkish novelist Sait Faik (who died prematurely in 1954) as a passionate lover of the Greeks and believer in Greek-Turkish common destiny. This book could be used as a model in the universities of Greece, Turkey and elsewhere; it should, moreover, encourage the Greek press to abstain from meddling in the field of scholarship. DlMITRI KlTSIKIS University of Ottawa Olympia Yiardiki (editor), ΕÎ-οι: Διάθεση Χϕόνου. ΣχÎ-σεις. Athens: National Center of Social Research and The Ministry of Culture. 1987. Pp.421. This report is the product of research which the undersecretary of youth of the Ministry of Culture assigned in 1983 to the National Center of Social Research and which was carried out in the autumn of 1984. A first volume reported on the results for Athens. This second volume reports the results for the rest of Greece. Roughly four-fifths of the report consists of tables. These are preceded by six chapters of text. The first three of these are very short and contain an introduction, an exposition of the methods and procedures used, and a brief socio-demographic description of the sample. The text of the last three chapters consists of comments on tables published in the second part of the book. They analyze results of the main three themes of the research: the use of leisure time, interpersonal relations and values. All tables use the same three independent variables: gender, age and size of settlement. Two age groups are distinguished (15—19 and 20-24 years old) and four categories of settlements: Thessaloniki, other urban centers, semi-urban centers and rural areas. This creates 16 subgroups (2x2x4). The results are presented separately for each subgroup. Subtotals are not given. The chapter on leisure time is the largest; it devotes attention to the frequency of specific activities or the time spent on them (such Reviews 351 as television, radio, reading, cinema, theater, household tasks and sports) and the choices regarding content (what kind of books one reads, etc.). So we learn, for example, that girls spent more time looking at television, listening to the radio, reading books and periodicals and carrying out household chores than did boys. On the other hand, they go less often to the cinema, are less active in sports and camping, and are less often members of voluntary associations. The differences in leisure activities between boys and girls tend to be greatest in the rural communities. The chapter on interpersonal relations concern the peergroup (parées), relations with friends and parents and relations with persons in authority (such as teachers, police). The concluding chapter on values is very brief. Restricting myself again to gender, I want to mention two of the more remarkable results from the last two chapters. The large majority of all 16 subgroups agree with the statement that women should have equal rights with men and a majority of 14 of the 16 subgroups disagree with the statement that friendship with persons of the opposite sex differs from that with persons of the same sex (the only exceptions being the older boys and girls from Thessaloniki). How this relates to some of the other results of this same survey is another question. In his introduction Tsoucalas stresses that this book is only a preliminary report, "a foundation on which a future, many-sided analysis, supplemented by historical and comparative data and by theoretical approaches can be based" (p. 5). This can also be read as a good characterization of the shortcomings of the present volume...