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Reviews 177 other hand, the role of the Greek Consul Alexis Kyrou was even more controversial not only in his support of the radical Greek Cypriot leaders, but also in pursuing a policy that was contrary to Venizelos ' proclaimed policy on Cyprus. Eventually the radical nationalists call for enosis prevailed in Cyprus as the moderates were undermined by the Governor's unilateralism in key policy areas; by the perceived ineffectiveness of the Legislative Council, and the impact of the world economic crisis on Cyprus. The abortive uprising of 21 October 1931, brought Cyprus into a new phase of repression which gave rise to a revitalized enosis movement in the aftermath of World War II. The author and the Cyprus Research Centre ought to be congratulated for this impressive work. It is highly recommended reading for anyone interested in the politics of the enosis movement, the relations of the Greek and Turkish Cypriots, and British colonial policy. Van Coufoudakis Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne Thanos Veremis and Kostas Kostés, The National Bank is Asia Minor, (1919-1922) [Ή ΈΘνική Τϕάπεζα στη Μικϕά 'Ασία (19191922 )], Educational Foundation of the National Bank [MIET], Introduction by S. Asdhrahas. Athens. 1984. Pp. 332 + 76 ill. In its two series on the Sources of Economic History and Studies of Economic History, the National Bank of Greece is performing a function which will prove highly valuable to those interested in the economic history of modern Greece. In the volume reviewed, which is based on the archives of the bank itself, a story unfolds that goes far beyond what one would consider as economic history, for it provides unique insights into policies and events during the occupation of Asia Minor by the Greek army from 1919 to 1922. The memoranda and correspondence discussed and often reproduced in the appendices (p. 137-303) enliven with considerable clarity events which would otherwise be hidden in the terse and matter-of-fact documents of the Sterghiadis administration. While dealing mostly with technical, administrative and banking problems, both texts and reproduced material evoke an ambiance of gripping immediacy and significance, 178 Reviews rarely encountered. The human problems are vividly intertwined. For instance, Chapter D refers to the transfer of the Smyrna Branch to Athens as the Asia Minor campaign of the Greek Army comes to a disastrous end. The relevant Report in the archives written by Magalides , a bank functionary, is a moving description of the events and is fully exploited by Veremis. Veremis' introduction provides a sorely needed background on the economic and institutional conditions prevailing in the Ottoman Empire; a cogent summary is Chapter A on "The Ottoman Framework (1839-1918)." Equally valuable is Chapter B on "The Ottoman Greeks during the first two decades of the Twentieth Century," which prepares the reader to comprehend the policies instituted by the Greek administration part of which was the justification for the presence of the bank in Smyrna. Chapter C "On the Economic Scene of Smyrna and the establishment of the Branch of the National Bank" is a useful overview of the various memoranda and reports which are presented in the extensive and highly valuable five appendices reproducing primary source material. Noteworthy are the strong bonds of the bank with the High Commission under Sterghiadis as they both pursue expeditiously and with efficacy the policies of the Greek government. One is also astonished at the amount and quality of the work done by the bank for the Commission . The chapters of Kostes on "The currency exchange policies of Greece during the Asia Minor Expedition" is also valuable despite the difficult reading, due to the highly technical nature of the subject matter. One of the principal functions of the bank was to manage the exchange; Kostés reviews the situation in an economic microcosm of inflationary pressures deriving from the policies of the High Commission , the problems of the Ottoman Lira, and the speculative environment . While some memos and reports of the archives are fully reproduced in this volume, the 211 page report "The Industry in Smyrna and the Greek Asia Minor" is used as a reference only. Clearly it does not belong technically to the matters pertaining to the bank. However, it is a highly important...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1086-3265
Print ISSN
0738-1727
Pages
pp. 177-179
Launched on MUSE
2010-06-24
Open Access
No
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