- News and Notes
Samuel P. Huntington (1927–2008)
Renowned political scientist Samuel P. Huntington died on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, on December 24. A longtime Harvard University professor and prolific author, he was best known for such important books as The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century (1991) and The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order (1996). Professor Huntington was a founding member of the Journal of Democracy's Editorial Board and frequent contributor to these pages. A panel discussion in honor of his life and work was held at the National Endowment for Democracy on March 10. The event will be reported in a future issue.
HornAfrik Director Killed
During the longstanding political conflict in Somalia, many people have suffered, but journalists have been especially at risk. Said Tahlil Ahmed, director of Somalia's independent HornAfrik radio station, was murdered in Mogadishu on February 4. He was en route to a press conference called by al-Shabab, a hardline Islamist militia. He is the third employee of the station to be murdered in the past eighteen months. Eleven journalists have been killed in Somalia since 2007.
YIHR Meeting in Belgrade
On 19–20 November 2008, the Youth Initiative for Human Rights (YIHR) celebrated its fifth anniversary by hosting a conference of young European and Eurasian political leaders in the Serbian capital. Participants included U.S. ambassador to Serbia Cameron Munter, British ambassador Steven Wordsworth, and NED president Carl Gershman. The YIHR is a nongovernmental organization with programs in Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina [End Page 185] focusing on enhancing youth participation in the democratization of society and strengthening the rule of law.
World Movement Celebrates 10th Anniversary
The Institute of Social Sciences in New Delhi hosted a conference on February 27 celebrating the tenth anniversary of the World Movement for Democracy, which held its inaugural assembly in New Delhi on 14–17 February 1999. The conference featured panel discussions on: "Judiciary and Democracy," "Democracy in South Asia," and "Global Democracy: Consolidation and Expansion." Speakers included George Mathew, director of the Institute of Social Sciences; I.A. Rehman of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan; Rajinder Sachar, former chief justice of the Delhi High Court; Syed Muhammad Shah, president of the Lahore Bar Association; and David Lowe of NED.
The University of Chicago and Roosevelt University's Montesquieu Forum hosted an interdisciplinary conference on March 5–6 marking the 150th anniversary of Alexis de Tocqueville's death. The conference, entitled "Tocqueville and the Frontiers of Democracy," featured panels on such topics as "Empire and Democracy: Tocqueville's Lessons?" "Tocqueville's Old Regime and the Frontiers of History," and "America and the Frontiers of Democracy." Panelists included Nestor Capdevila of the Université de Paris X, Paul Berman of New York University, and Ewa Atanassow of Harvard University, whose review of two books on Tocqueville appears on pp. 167–71 above.
ZLHR Receives Rights & Democracy Award
Rights & Democracy (International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Canada) awarded its 2008 John Humphrey Freedom Award to the Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) on 13 November 2008. The award is given to an organization or individual for "commitment to the promotion of international human rights and democratic development." ZLHR provides services such as legal support for victims of state-endorsed persecution, as well as public education and human-rights training for activists and civil society organizations working at the community level.
On January 27, the Forum hosted a roundtable with Thomas Carothers of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, focusing on Carothers's article in the January issue of the Journal entitled "Democracy Assistance: Political vs. Developmental?" Comments were provided by Larry Diamond. Participants included experts from Brookings, CSIS, [End Page 186] Freedom House, Human Rights Watch, USAID, IFES, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, UNDP, CIPE, the Solidarity Center, and NDI.
On January 30, the Forum and the Journal held a panel discussion entitled "Can Cuba Change?" The panelists were the authors of articles on Cuba that appeared in the January issue of the Journal, including Carl Gershman, president of NED, Orlando Gutierrez, visiting professor at Florida International University, and Eusebio...