- Election Watch
Azerbaijan: In the October 15 presidential election, incumbent Ilham Aliyev won 89 percent of the vote. Most opposition parties boycotted the election. None of the other candidates who did run won as much as 3 percent.
Belarus: In September 28 legislative elections, all 110 seats in the House of Representatives went to supporters of the government of Alyaksandr Lukashenka. The opposition received no more than 14 percent of the vote. The OSCE said that the election “ultimately fell short of OSCE commitments for democratic elections.”
Bangladesh: Parliamentary elections were scheduled for December 29; results will be reported in a future issue.
Czech Republic: In elections for the 81-seat Senate on October 17 and 24, Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek’s Civic Democratic Party won 35 seats, the Czech Social Democratic Party won 29 seats, the Christian and Democratic Union–Czech People’s Party won 7 seats, and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia won 3 seats.
Ghana: Presidential and legislative elections were held on December 7; results will be reported in a future issue.
Guinea-Bissau: In elections on November 16 for the 100 elected seats in the National People’s Assembly, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) won 67 seats, the Social Renewal Party won 28 seats, and the newly formed Republican Party for Independence and Development, which supports President João Bernardo “Nino” Vieira, won 3 seats. [End Page 177]
Lithuania: Parliamentary elections were held on October 12 and 26 for the 141-seat Diet, which consists of 70 proportional-representation seats and 71 single-mandate seats. After the October 26 runoff, the balance of seats in the Diet is as follows: The conservative Homeland Union (TS[LK]), led by Andrius Kubilius, has 45 seats; Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas’s Social Democrats have 25 seats; the National Resurrection Party (TPP), a new centrist party formed by Lithuanian television and pop-music personalities, has 16 seats; For Order and Justice, led by Rolandas Paksas, who was impeached and removed from the presidency in 2004, has 15 seats; the Liberals’ Movement of the Republic of Lithuania (LRLS) has 11 seats; the Labor Party coalition, led by Viktor Uspaskich, has 10 seats; and the Liberal and Center Union has 8. Smaller parties and independents won the remaining 11 seats. A center-right coalition of TS(LK), TPP, and LRLS will lead the government, and Andrius Kubilius will become prime minister.
Maldives: In the country’s first multiparty presidential elections, President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had been in power for thirty years, was defeated by Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) leader Mohamed Nasheed in a runoff. In the first round on October 8, Gayoom won 41 percent of the vote, while Nasheed finished second with 25 percent. Hassan Saeed, an independent, won 17 percent, and Qasim Ibrahim of the Republican Party won 15 percent. In the runoff on October 28, Nasheed won 54 percent and Gayoom won 46 percent.
Romania: In November 30 parliamentary elections for the 344-seat Chamber of Deputies, a coalition of the Social Democratic Party and the Conservative Party won 33.1 percent of the vote and 114 seats. The Democratic Liberal Party associated with President Traian Băsescu won 32.4 percent and 115 seats. The National Liberal Party, led by Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, the outgoing prime minister, won 19 percent and 65 seats. The Hungarian Democratic Union of Romania, led by Béla Marko, won 6 percent and 22 seats. Ethnic minority parties won the remaining 18 seats.
Rwanda: In September 15 parliamentary elections for the 53 directly elected seats in the Chamber of Deputies, all the competing parties supported President Paul Kagame. A coalition led by the Kagame’s Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) won 79 percent of the vote and 42 seats. The Social Democratic Party won 13 percent and 7 seats, and the Liberal Party won 8 percent and 4 seats.
Slovenia: In elections on September 21 for the 90-seat National Assembly, the Social Democrats, led by Borut Pahor, who became prime minister, won 31 percent of the vote and 29 seats. The Slovenian Democratic Party, led by...