Abstract

While still developing in Germany, a consensus has emerged in the United States on the use of advance directives for guiding future medical decision making. This article outlines three phases in the evolution of advance directive forms—the legal phase, the checklist phase, and the story phase. The story-based approach is discussed as the best method for assessing patient values and incorporating them into advance directives, and a story-based advance directive form, which has been developed and tested during the past two years, is presented.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1086-3249
Print ISSN
1054-6863
Pages
pp. 303-325
Launched on MUSE
2009-01-01
Open Access
No
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