Abstract

Cet article analyse la relation fiduciaire, ou de trust, créée entre les membres d'un conseil de bande de Premières Nations et ceux de la bande. La discussion porte notamment sur le fait qu'en tant que forme gouvernementale locale, le conseil de bande est analogue à un conseil municipal, dans sa composition et son mode de fonctionnement. La nature et la portée respectives de cette relation fiduciaire sont étudiées en détail, tant pour le conseil de bande que le conseil municipal. Le concept de relation fiduciaire est important dans la mesure où le modèle municipal de gouvernement autonome semble être la voie choisie par les peuples des Premières Nations pour atteindre l'autonomie. L'auteur identifie toutefois des manquements statutaires d'une telle forme de gouvernement autonome qui n'arrive pas à reconnaître ni à tenir compte de cette relation fiduciaire, et qui compromettraient l'établissement d'un gouvernement autochtone autonome fonctionnel.This paper examines the fiduciary or trust relationship that is created between the members of a First Nation band council and the band members. In particular, the discussion is concerned with the fact that as the local form of government, a First Nation band council is somewhat analogous in its composition and operation to that of a municipal council. The respective nature and scope of the fiduciary relationship that is created, both in reference to a First Nation band council and a municipal council, is then reviewed in detail. In terms of aboriginal self-government, the concept of this fiduciary relationship is significant, as the municipal model of self-government would appear to be the direction taken by First Nations' people in their quest for self-government. Given this fact, the discussion then identifies the inherent statutory inadequacies of such a form of self-government in failing to recognize and adequately address this fiduciary relationship. Due to this statutory failure, realization of a functional form of self-government by First Nations' people based upon a municipal format may be adversely compromised. Furthermore, despite the chosen model of aboriginal self-government, in order to ensure its continued viability, it is imperative that the governmental model adequately accommodate the issues posed by this fiduciary relationship.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1911-0227
Print ISSN
0829-3201
Pages
pp. 109-121
Launched on MUSE
2008-07-17
Open Access
No
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