In 1979, fundamentalists began a movement to take control of the sixteen million-member Southern Baptist Convention. At the heart of their social agenda was the appropriate place of women in church, home, and society. Using rhetorical analysis, this article examines the resolutions and other key documents produced by the Convention since the 1970s and finds that under fundamentalist leadership, the Convention has developed an ideology that narrowly circumscribes gender roles for women around issues of women’s sexuality, reproduction, homes, and careers. Additionally, the resolutions suggest that fundamentalists have particularly targeted women pastors in these resolutions as a singular threat to patriarchal control.