I question a wide-spread assumption (Moravia as a critic of the bourgeoisie) by asking: What social class does Moravia actually criticize in his work? Is his criticism convincing? If it is not, and if it does not meet the objective set out, what are the reasons for this shortcoming? My answers are: the class criticized is made up of government officials, bureaucrats, and people who have inherited their wealth; the criticism is unconvincing also because it is one-sided; the shortcoming depends on a lack of artistic concern for this topic. Exposing its mistaken relevance encourages new interpretations of Moravia's work.