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BOOK REVIEWS 251 Translations de Ayala, Ramon Pdr~z. Belarmino and Apolonio. Translated from the Spanish and with an Intro. by Murray Baumgarten and Gabriel Berns. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: Univ. of California Press, 1971. Pp. vii+202. $6.95. Originally published in Spanish in 1921 by Jimenez E. Molina, Impresores, Madrid, Spain. Also 1944, 1948, 1956, 1967 by Editorial Losada, S. A., Buenos Aires, Argentina. Habermas, Jtirgen. Knowledge and Human Interests. Trans. by Jeremy J. Shapiro. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971. Pp. vii+356. $7.50. Originally published in 1968 by Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt-am-Main. Heidegger, Martin. On the Way to Language. Trans. by Peter D. Hertz. New York: Harper & Row, Publ. 1971. Pp. 200. $7.95. Originally published by Verlag Gunther Neske, Pfullingen, under the title Unterwegs zur Spraches, 1959. L0gstrup, Knud E. The Ethical Demand. Trans. by Theodor I. Jensen with Foreword by James M. Gustafson. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971. Pp. v+237. $8.95. This book is a trans, of pages 1-243 of the eighth edition of Den etiske Fordring, published in 1969 by Gyldendals Forlagstrykkeri in Copenhagen (first edition 1956). Omitted in this English edition are pages 244-295 of the original, the "Polemisk epilog." Shmueli, Adi. Kierkegaard and Consciousness. Trans. by Naomi Handelman with Foreword by Paul L. Holmer. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1971. Pp. xv+202. $8.50. '~Vittgenstein, Ludwig: Prototractatus: An Early Version oJ Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Edited by B. F. McGuinness, T. Nyberg, G. H. yon Wright, with Trans. by D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. An historical Intro. by G. H. von Wright and a facsimile of the author's manuscript. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1971. Pp. 256. Announcements A MONUMENTAL HISTORY We have received from the American agent (Herbert Reichner, Stockbridge, Mass.) a booklet describing a most impressive Italian publication by the publisher, Garzanti. It is a history of philosophical and scientific thought, Storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico, in six large, handsomely bound volumes, containing 4,500 pages and 1,200 illustrations (including 150 color plates). The price is $122. This publication is the fruit of long years of work by Ludovico Geymonat and his twelve associates, all of whom have contributed specialized chapters; they have produced a reference work that is part history, part encyclopedia, part bibliography, and part reproduction of works of art. Each volume opens with a description of the cultural environment and scientific contexts in which philosophical thought developed; the general aim of the work is to break down the traditional separation of cultural, scientific, and philosophic histories. Vol. I: Ancient and Medieval gives an account of the mathematical and natural sciences before Parmenides as well as after Aristotle. It ends with the development of biological and medical sciences at the time of Galen, and the growth of these sciences in the Arabic cultures. It includes an account of Hebraic thought in its relations to Christian patristics. It also emphasizes the constant growth of the concern for 252 HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY education, especially as the context for scholasticism. There is even an appendix on Indian and Chinese thought. Vol. II: Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries is devoted to the scientific revolution and the rise of humanism. It includes special studies of Leonardo da Vinci, Pomponazzi , Francis Bacon, Galileo, Comenius, Gassendi, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Malebranche, Jansenism, Pascal, Natural Law, Logic and Mathematics, Locke, Leibniz, Newton, as well as Transformations in English Society and Thought. Vol. III: Eighteenth Century centers in the Enlightenment. Special sections are devoted to Montesquieu, Voltaire, Condillac, Helv~tius, Scientific Systematics, Encyclopedism and the Critique of l'Est)rit de Syst~me, Rousseau, Holbach, Condorcet, Hume and Kant. Vol. IV: Nineteenth Century is devoted to "Romanticism, Rationalism, and Early Positivism." In addition to sections on the chief philosophers there are sections on: French mathematical physics (Laplace), logic and geometry, political economy and moral utilitarianism, romanticism and education, Herbart, political thought during the French Restoration, scientific socialism, modern physiology, the polemics about materialism , philosophy and education in early nineteenth-century Italian philosophy. Vol. V: From the Nineteenth to the Twentieth Century centers in the impact made by the growth of experimental science on philosophy. Special sections include: J. S. Mill, Maxwell, Mach...


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