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562 HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY Edwardians or New Lights. The long Preliminary Essay in his edition (1829) of Coleridge's Aids to Reflection was a challenge to what he called the reigning metaphysics of Locke and Brown--to the "natural" religion of the Unitarians as well as to the "Common Sense" of the Old Side, Calvinist theologians at Andover Seminary. The "higher principles" of Coleridge's radical distinction between the "spiritual life" and the "natural life" in man, between the intuitive reason and the discursive understanding, was accepted as a philosophical theology for "experimental or spiritual" evangelical Christianity. Marsh wanted to add to his edition of Coleridge a translation of the writings of his favorite German philosopher, F. G. Tholuck, the leader of the philosophical Pietists at the University of Halle. Marsh appealed not only to the "practical reason" of Kant and the "holy love" of Edwards, but back to the ideas of the Cambridge Platonists, to Milton, and even to Francis Bacon. He interpreted the "self-determining power" in the human "heart" as both "awakened love" and inner life of the Holy Spirit. Coleridge enabled him to reassert the "affectionate theology" of the Great Awakening in terms of nineteenth century transcendentalism . He was the last of the philosophical New Lights, but also the first of the Andover liberals. This more adequate material on Marsh also throws light on his educational reforms at the University of Vermont. His projected textbook on Logic, which he did not live to finish, was really a comprehensive exposition of the principles of reason not only in discursive science, but also in moral, aesthetic, religious, and practical judgment. He believed that the new psychology of man as a "self-determining" animal and spirit made it necessary to formulate a "new language" for the life of reason, as well as a new textbook for college students. During the generation from 1830 to 1880 the curriculum which Marsh devised for the University of Vermont served as an academic "awakening." And his philosophical theology gradually made headway at Andover Seminary against the entrenched Old Sides. But the evangelical preachers abandoned the spiritualism of the Edwardians for a less philosophical gospel. HERBERT W. SCHNEIDER Claremont, Cali]ornia Vonder Aktualitiit Schopenhauers. Vol. 53 of the Schopenhauer-Jahrbuch /or 1972. Edited by Ewald Bucher, Eric F. J. Payne, and Karl O. Kurth. (Frankfurt Am Main: Verlag Waldemar Kramer, 1972. Pp. xii q- 456) This special issue of the Jahrbuch is a Festschrift in honor of Arthur Hiibscher who has been President of the Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft for the last 35 years and who, in that capacity, has done much to keep interest in Schopenhauer's philosophy alive. As all Festschriften, this one, too, consists of a number of essays (by various authors) dealing with a good many topics. A first group (six essays) deals in detail with Dr. Hiibscher 's work on behalf of Schopenhauer's philosophy; and it is evident that the honoree richly deserves the recognition which the Festschrift symbolizes. A second group (seven essays) centers around various themes of Schopenhauer's own philosophy: its relation to science and religion, to mysticism and Buddhism, and to the contemporary scene. A third group (seven essays) gives us a perspective on Schopenhauer's "world-wide influence." A fourth group of essays is concerned less with Schopenhauer and his philosophy , but with philosophical "problems": Gerhard Funke, "Was ist Philosophie?"; yon Rintelen, "Philosophischer Idealismus in Deutschland: Der Weg von Kant zu Hegel und unsere Zeit"; Otto Velt, "Die Philosophie der Jahrhundertwende und die moderne Kunst"; Jan Aler, "Die Erfahrung veto SehSnen: Marginalien zu /~sthetik des 18. Jahrhunderts"; Hermann Glockner, "Aus der Werkstatt der Fundamentalphilosophie"; BOOK REVIEWS 563 Leopoldo-Eulogio Palacios, "Le visage et son annulation"; Karl O. Kurth, "Die Interjektion als Mittel der Wortbildung"; and Georgi Schischkoff, "Kybernetik und Geisteswissenschaften ." I have given the author's names and the titles of the essays in this group merely to illustrate the wide range of "problems" here discussed. Of special interest , however, is the fifth and last group of essays: "Mediziner haben das Wort." Schopenhauer's philosophy is here seen in a way that is both novel and suggestive-ranging from an analysis of pain and of...


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