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574 JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 24:4 OCTOBER 1986 It is not very different with the "metaphilosophy" thesis. If philosophical problems are not empirical problems, this by no means precludes that they are problems ---and nobody, as the authors, to their own puzzlement, admit, took those problems more seriously than Wittgenstein. It was not enough for Wittgenstein to insist that there was, for example, no 'mind'. That would have been too easy for him. He, rather, wanted to put his, and our, questioning to rest by showing us what it was about language that tempted us to think about mind as substance in the first place. This he characterized, not as confusion, but as "deep disquietude" (I: l 11). Wittgenstein , we forget at our peril, was concerned with philosophizing against philosophy, but no less against the philosopher in us. Thus, it is not accidental that he chose to discuss the plight of the philosopher in terms of the analogy--and he took his great contribution to philosophy to be his analogies---of a fly caught in a fly bottle. What is important about this analogy is not simply that the fly is captive in the bottle but that the bottle is so constructed to entice the fly into it (like fly paper, its function is to attract the fly). As the bottle is an all but irresistible temptation to the fly, so the surface grammar of language is such that it continually tempts us to philosophize. This is nothing less than to provide theoretical answers to those deep disquietudes, which in fact, can only be dissolved with the help of a "perspicuous representation" (l: 122) of our practices. The latter puts before us a description of our practices by finding and inventing language games, which render theories about them superfluous . Of this side of Wittgenstein we hear nothing from Ambrose and Lazerowitz. In the end, these these essays treat less an unknown, than a rightly forgotten Wittgenstein ; for he, unlike the authors K. R. Popper, A. J. Ayer and the like, was never an intellectual cold warrior engaged in a crusade against insidious metaphysics. ALLAN JANIK lnnsbruck University BOOKS RECEIVED Alfieri, V. E., et al. Sapienza Antica. Studi in Onore de DorainicoPesce. Milan: Franco Angeli Libri, s.r.l., 1985. Pp. 4o6. L ~5~ Allan, George. The Importances of the Past. A Meditation on the Aulhorily of Tradilion. Albany: State University of New York Press, ~986. Pp. xiii + ~6o. Cloth, $44.5o. Paper, $1q.95. Arbib. Michael A. In Search of the Person. Philosophical Exploratimu in Cognitive Science. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1985. Pp. xii + 156. Cloth, $2o.oo. Paper, $9.95A ~stotle~ De Motu Animalium. Text with Translation, Commentary, and Interpretive Essays by Martha Craven Nussbaum. Princeton: Princeton University Press, t978. Pp. xxiii + 43o. Cloth, $45.oo. Paper, $15.95. Baertschi, B. and F. Azouvi. Maine de Biran et la suisse. Avec des textes in~dits de Biran et des ex~raits de la correspondance D'Ernest Naville. Cahiers de la Revue de Th6ologie et de Philosophie, i 2. Geneva: La Soci6t6acad~mique vandoise, la Soci6t6acad6mique genevoise, et le Group generals de la Soci6t~ romande de philosophie, 1985. Pp. 78. N.P. Baler, Annette. Postures of the Mind. Essays on Mind and Morals. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, t985. Pp. xiii + 314. Cloth, $29.5o. Paper, $t4.95. Baker, G. P. and P. M. S. Hacker. WiUgenstein. Rules, Grammar and Necezsily. An Analytical BOOK REVIEWS 575 Commentary on the Philosophical Investigations. Vol. 2. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985. Pp. xvi + 352. $49.95Beck , Lewis White, in collaboration with MaryJ. Gregor, Ralf Meerbote, and John A. Reuscher. Kant's Latin Writings. Translations, Commentaries, and Notes. American University Studies, Series 5, Vol. 9- New York: Peter Lang, 1986. Pp. 251. $39.oo. The Louvain Lectures (Lectiones Lovanienses) of Bellarmine and the Autograph Copy of his z616 Declaration to Galileo. Texts in the Original Latin (Italian) with English Translation, Introduction, Commentary and Notes by Ugo Baldini and George V. Coyne, S.J. Vatican Observatory Publications, Special Series: Studi GalUeiani, Vol. t, No. 2. Vatican City: Specola Vaticana, 1984. Pp. 48. Paper, N.P. Bixler, Julius Seelye. German Recollections: Some...


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