- Election Watch
ELECTION RESULTS (June 1992-September 1992)
Angola: Presidential and legislative elections were scheduled for 29-30 September 1992. Results will be reported in our next issue.
Bahamas: On 19 August 1992, Hubert Ingraham's Free National Movement won 31 of 49 seats in the House of Assembly, ending the 25 year reign of Prime Minister Sir Lynden Pindling's Progressive Liberal Party, which won only 17 seats. One seat remains to be contested.
Burkina Faso: On 21 May 1992, elections were held for the 107-seat unicameral National Assembly. President Blaise Compaoré's Organization for Popular Democracy-Labor Movement (ODP-MT) won 78 seats, and its ally, the National Convention of Progressive Patriots-Social Democratic Party (CNPP-PSD), won 13 seats. The African Democratic Rally won 5; the Alliance for Democracy and Federation, 4; the African Independence Party, 2; and 5 other parties 1 seat each.
Congo: After the second round of elections to the 125-seat National Assembly on 21 July 1992, the Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (UPADS) emerged with 39 seats; the Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI), 29; and the Congolese Labor Party (PCT), 19. Smaller parties divided 30 seats, and independents won 8. Indirect senatorial elections were held on July 26. Of 60 seats, UPADS gained 23 and MCDDI, 14. The remaining 23 seats were claimed by smaller parties and independents. In a presidential election runoff on August 16, Pascal Lissouba of UPADS won 61.3 percent of the vote while Bernard Kolelas of MCDDI took 38.7 percent. The PCT endorsed Lissouba after its candidate, incumbent Denis Sassou-Nguesso, finished third in first-round voting on August 8. [End Page 130]
Croatia: Both resident and emigré Croats voted in the country's first elections as an independent state on 2 August 1992. In the presidential race, incumbent Franjo Tudjman retained his office, winning a first-round victory in a field of eight candidates with 56.7 percent of the vote, easily outdistancing runner-up Dražen Budiša, who took 21.9 percent. In the 138-seat House of Representatives, the lower chamber of the Sabor, Tudjman's Croatian Democratic Union won 85 seats; Budiša's Croatian Social Liberal Party, 14; the Social Democratic Party-Party of Democratic Changes, 11; and seven other parties and independent candidates, 28.
Czech and Slovak Federative Republic: The 5-6 June 1992 elections resulted in a split between the Czech and Slovak parts of the federation that seems likely to lead to the breakup of the country. Václav Klaus's Czech Civic Democratic Party won a total of 85 seats in the 300-seat Federal Assembly. Among the other Czech parties, the ex-communist Left Bloc took 34 seats; the Social Democrats, 16; the Republicans, 14; the Christian Democrats, 13; and the Liberal Social Union, 12. Vladimir Meciar's Movement for a Democratic Slovakia won 57 seats. The Slovak ex-communist Democratic Left won 23; the Slovak National Party, 15; the Christian Democrats, 14; the Hungarian party, 12; and the Social Democrats, 5. Since President Váiclav Havel's resignation on July 17, there has been no federal president; the parliament's next attempt to choose a president was scheduled for 24 September 1992.
Ecuador: In a presidential runoff election held 5 July 1992, Sixto Durán Ballén of the Republican Unity Party defeated Jaime Nebot Saadi of the Social Christian Party by taking 56.4 percent of the vote to Nebot's 43.6 percent.
Estonia: Presidential and legislative elections are scheduled for 20 September 1992. Results will be reported in our next issue.
Indonesia: In final results from elections on 9 June 1992, President Suharto's Golkar coalition won 282 of the 400 elected seats in the House of Representatives, 17 fewer than in the previous legislature. The Muslim-based United Development Party (PPP) won 62 seats, and the nationalist Indonesian Democratic Party (PDI) won 56.
Mongolia: In the nation's first elections under its new constitution on 28 June 1992, the ruling ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) shocked the democratic opposition by winning 56.9 percent of the vote and 70 of 76 seats...