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  • Slovakia After the Split
  • Martin Bútora (bio) and Zora Bútorová (bio)
Martin Bútora

Martin Bútora, associate professor of sociology in the Faculty of Social Sciences at Charles University in Prague, is currently a visiting scholar at St. Antony's College of Oxford University. In November 1989 he helped to found Public Against Violence, the leading Slovak force in the Velvet Revolution against communism. From 1990 to 1992, he served as an advisor on human rights issues to Czecho-Slovakia's President Václav Havel.

Zora Bútorová

Zora Bútorová, a researcher at the Center for Social Analysis in Bratislava, has written extensively on political behavior, nationalism, anti-Semitism, and interethnic relations in Czecho-Slovakia.


1. Even as perceptive a student of Central and Eastern Europe as Timothy Garton Ash surveyed the collapse of Czechoslovak communism exclusively through "Prague eyes"; his works in the 1980s made no mention of Slovak personalities. Similarly, in Jacques Rupnik's excellent Another Europe (New York: Schocken Books, 1989), barely a single Slovak is named among the dozens of writers, historians, journalists, and politicians whom he discusses from Poland, Hungary, the Czech lands, Romania, and the former East Germany. Of course, the two authors are less to blame than is the extreme insularity of the Slovak cultural community.

2. Ralf Dahrendorf, "Rozpadne se Evropa v Praze?" [Will Europe Fall Apart in Prague?] Listy 22, (1992), 4.

3. Klaus Offe, "Capitalism by Democratic Design? Democratic Theory Facing the Triple Transition in East Central Europe," Social Research 58 (Winter 1991): 865-92.

4. Václav Havel, Summer Meditations, trans. Paul Wilson (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992), 27.

5. Jacques Rupnik, "Eisschrank oder Fegefeur: Das Ende des Kommunismus und das Wiederwachsen der Nationalismen in Osteuropa [Refrigerator or Purgatory: The End of Communism and the New Growth of Nationalism in Eastern Europe]," Transition (Vienna) 1990.

6. See the surveys of the Center for Social Analysis, including Aktuálne problémy Cesko-Slovenska-január 1992 [Topical Problems of Czecho-Slovakia-January 1992] (Bratislava: Center for Social Analysis, 1992); and Slovensko pred volbami-april 1992 [Slovakia Before the Elections-April 1992] (Bratislava: Center for Social Analysis, 1992).

7. Katarína Mathemová, "Czecho? Slovakia: Constitutional Disappointments," American University Journal of International Law and Policy 7 (Spring 1991): 471-501.

8. For more detailed information see Martin Bútora, Zora Bútorová, and Olga Gyarfášová, "From the Velvet Revolution to the Velvet Divorce? National Issues in Post-Totalitarian Slovakia," in János M. Kovács, ed., The Ironies of Transformation (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1993).

9. Zora Bútorová, "Premsylené "áno" zániku CSFR?" [A Deliberate "Yes" for the Dissolution of the CSFR?], Sociologický časopis (Prague) 29 (1993). [End Page 83]



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