Abstract

In the twentieth century, both Nikos Kazantzakis and James Joyce undertook their own modern versions of Homer's Odyssey. When compared using the formulations of T. E. Hulme regarding romanticism and classicism, the heroes of these two works take seemingly opposite paths. While Kazantzakis's Odysséas goes on a romantic journey, abandoning Ithaca and Penelope for an increasingly solitary spirituality, Joyce's "Ulysses" (Leopold Bloom) assumes a classical approach to spiritual awakening, relishing in the imperfections of Dublin and its citizens. This romantic/classical comparison collapses, however, when considered in the light of Henri Bergson's time theory. Now it reveals a common struggle to surpass humanity's fragmented "clock time" and reach the enlightened state of "real time," an inexpressible duration that flows beneath imperfect clock time. Both heroes discover this state through the silence at their journeys' end. While Odysséas's silence comes at the price of death, Bloom's is a moment of being that may be emulated by all humanity, rendering Joyce's "Ulysses" the more satisfying of the two.

pdf

Additional Information

ISSN
1086-3265
Print ISSN
0738-1727
Pages
pp. 247-264
Launched on MUSE
1998-10-01
Open Access
No
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.