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Biography 30.1 (2007) 119-167

Reviewed Elsewhere
Contributing editors Nell Altizer, Patricia Angley, Alana Bell, Helke Drier, Marie-Christine Garneau, Theo Garneau, Noel Kent, John W. I. Lee, Gabriel Merle, Dawn Morais, Barbara Bennett Peterson, and Forrest R. Pitts contributed the excerpts for this issue.

Publications reviewed include American Scientist, Bryn Mawr Classical Review, Far Eastern Economic Review, French Review, French Studies, (Toronto) Globe and Mail, Historische Zeitschrift, Das Historisch-Politische Buch, Journal of Asian Studies, The Medieval Review, Le Monde des Livres, New York Review of Books (NYRB), Pacific Historical Review, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Science, Studi Francesi, Times Literary Supplement (TLS), and Women's Review of Books.

Abraham, Karl. See Freud, Sigmund.

Addams, Jane

Citizen: Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy. Louise W. Knight. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2005. 582 pp. $35.00.

The reviewer is pleased to see more scholarly biographers examining the life and work of Jane Addams. Schultz also points out that Knight acknowledges that the problem with biographies of Addams is that Addams "wrote very little about herself" except Twenty Years at Hull-House with Autobiographical Notes (1910). Knight's biography of Addams examines the first forty years of her life. While Schultz disagrees with some of Knight's interpretations, she is pleased that "[s]cholars are finally catching up to John Dewey, who credited Addams 'with the paradigm shift from thinking of democracy only as a political system to thinking of it as a way of life.'"

Rima Lunin Schultz. Women's Review of Books 25.6 (2006): 26–28.

Adorno, Theodor W. See Benjamin, Walter.

Apollinaire, Guillaume

Lettres à Madeleine. Guillaume Apollinaire. Edition revised and augmented by Laurence Campa. Paris: Gallimard, "Folio," 2006. 544 pp. Euro8.

1915, a soldier "amidst the horrible horror of millions of blue flies," Guillaume Apollinaire—Gui—writes to Madeleine Pagès, a girl of twenty-two who teaches literature: "Madeleine, what is not love is lost." He imposes secrecy, because there is "No grace in the crowd." And secrecy increases desire. Hot-tempered, whimsical, he bewitches his "little fairy." Through [End Page 119] their correspondence, the soldier and the girl will know shivers, excitement, desire. Their great "secret" isolates the soldier from the horrors of the war. Apollinaire writes with unheard of freedom and incredible sensual intensity.

V.(incent) R.(oy). Le Monde des Livres, Oct. 13, 2006: 5.

Arendt, Hannah

Hannah Arendt: Der Weg einer großen Denkerin. Kurt Sontheimer. Munich: Piper, 2005. 293 pp. Euro19,90.

The last book of the Munich political scientist Kurt Sontheimer contains an empathetic and pleasant appreciation of the life and work of the German-Jewish philosopher. The purpose of the book is to impress the personality and the thinking of Hannah Arendt on a broader readership.

Uwe Backes. Das Historisch-Politische Buch 54.4 (2006): 351–52.

Artaud, Antonin

C'était Antonin Artaud. Florence de Mèredieu. Paris: Fayard, 2006. 1090 pp. Euro35.

Writer, poet, drawer, actor (on the stage and in films), collaborator on La Revue Surréaliste (later excluded from the surrealist group), but also depressive, syphilitic, opium and later laudanum addict, staying in sundry mental homes and psychiatric hospitals, and finally dying in all probability from an overdose, Antonin Artaud had an exceptional destiny, which created a myth he became the victim of. Bringing new views on many aspects of his life, in particular his relationship with surrealism, or how his trips to Mexico and Ireland were determining in his descent into delirium, and despite some hasty conclusions (on his brief relation with Maritain for example), Florence de Mèredieu does justice to Artaud in this big book, which can be called a rehabilitation.

Patrick Kéchichian. Le Monde des Livres, Nov. 17, 2006: 6.

Assouline, Pierre

Rosebud: Eclats de biographies. Pierre Assouline. Paris: Gallimard, 2006. 220 pp. Euro16,90.

Why Rosebud? Because in Citizen Kane, that name alone magically summons memory and childhood. In Orson Welles's footsteps, deciding to give importance to what is unpredictable in lives, to that uncontrollable element which secretly founds them, Assouline chose to draw out from the lives of some people of quality...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1529-1456
Print ISSN
0162-4962
Pages
pp. 119-167
Launched on MUSE
2007-04-16
Open Access
No
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