- News and Notes
Lectures on Democracy
The third annual Seymour Martin Lipset Lecture on Democracy in the World was presented by Saad Eddin Ibrahim at the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) in Washington, D.C., on November 1. Dr. Ibrahim, founder and chairman of the Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies and professor of political sociology at the American University in Cairo, spoke on the topic "Toward Muslim Democracies." The lecture, which was also given on November 2 at the Munk Center for International Studies at the University of Toronto, will be published in the April 2007 Journal of Democracy.
The New York Democracy Forum, cosponsored by NED and the Foreign Policy Association, organized two lectures this fall. On October 30, Jorge Casta~neda, Mexico's former foreign minister, spoke on "Democratization in the Western Hemisphere: Prospects and Challenges." On November 27, Esther Dyson, founding chairman of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) and board member of the Eurasia Foundation and NED, gave a talk entitled "A Virtualist Tours the World: The Internet and the Emergence of Democracy."
Human Rights Awards
In November, the Thorolf Rafto Foundation for Human Rights awarded its 2006 Memorial Prize to Vietnamese Buddhist monk Thich Quang Do for his courage through three decades of peaceful opposition to the communist regime. Thich Quang Do, one of Vietnam's most prominent defenders of democracy, religious freedom, and human rights, has spent 25 years in prison and, at age 77, remains under house arrest.
In December, the European Parliament awarded its 2006 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to Alyaksandr Milinkevich, leader of the opposition in Belarus. Milinkevich ran in presidential elections [End Page 186] last March, the conduct of which was condemned by the EU and the US. At an opposition rally protesting the results, he was arrested and held for 15 days.
Un Democracy Fund Gives First Grants
The United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF) has unveiled its first beneficiaries, awarding US$36 million in grants to 125 projects worldwide that range from supporting women parliamentarians to teaching human rights awareness in schools. Secretary-General Kofi Annan approved projects that had been chosen by the UN Programme Consultative Group and the UNDEF's Advisory Board. The fund was established in July 2005 to provide assistance to governmental, nongovernmental, national, regional, and international organizations working to build and strengthen democratic institutions, promote human rights, and ensure the participation of all groups in democratic processes.
Democracy Discussion at Un
A high-level roundtable discussion on democracy was held at the United Nations on September 19 during the General Assembly. The discussion, chaired by U.S. president George W. Bush, brought together 22 heads of state and focused on challenges to NGOs in the face of recent democratic "backsliding" in a number of countries and a "backlash" against democracy assistance, as reflected in the passage of new restrictive "NGO laws." Participating NGO representatives included Natalia Bourjaily of Belarus; Yuri Dzhibladze of Russia; Engi El-Haddad of Egypt; Nozima Kamalova of Uzbekistan; Reginald Matchabe-Hove of Zimbabwe; Carlos Ponce of Venezuela; and Carl Gershman, president of NED.
New Online Publication On Iran
Freedom House has launched a new online publication in Persian and English entitled Gozaar: A Journal of Human Rights and Democracy in Iran. In response to widespread censorship and the closure of all independent print newspapers in Iran, the journal seeks to help Iranian democrats by creating an inclusive and provocative space for the discussion of liberty. Visit www.gozaar.org.
Media and Politics Program Launched in Peru
On August 31–September 1, 60 politicians, scholars, and journalists from Central America and the Andes region met in Lima, Peru, to discuss the relations between the media and politics in Latin America. The conference was the first in a 2006–2007 series on "Media, Politics and Democracy in Central America and the Andes Region," a joint initiative of the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy, Radio Netherlands, and FreeVoice. [End Page 187]
New Items on Journal of Democracy Web Site
Letters from readers and supplemental graphics are published on the Journal of Democracy's Web site. Jørgen Møller has a critical note on M. Steven Fish's...