- Election Watch
Bahrain: In November 25 elections for the 40-seat House of Deputies, the Wefaq National Islamic Society, a Shi'ite opposition party, won 16 seats. More complete results will be reported in a future issue.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: In the October 1 presidential election, Haris Silajdžić of the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (SBiH) was elected as the Muslim member of the tripartite presidency with 63 percent of the Bosniak vote; Nebojša Radmanoviæ of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) was elected as the Serb member with 53 percent of the Serb vote; and Željko Komšić of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) was elected as the Croat member with 40 percent of the Croat vote. In elections for the 42-member House of Representatives held on the same day, the Party of Democratic Action won 8 seats, SBiH and SNSD each won 7, SDP won 5, and the Serbian Democratic Party won 3.
Brazil: In the October 1 first round of the presidential election, incumbent president Luiz Inácio "Lula" da Silva of the Workers' Party (PT) won 49 percent of the vote while Geraldo Alckmin of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) won 41 percent. In the runoff held on October 29, Lula defeated Alckmin with 61 percent. In October 1 elections for 27 seats in the 81-member Federal Senate and for the 513-seat Chamber of Deputies, PT won 2 Senate and 83 Chamber seats; the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement won 4 Senate and 89 Chamber seats; PSDB won 5 Senate and 65 Chamber seats; and the Liberal Front Party won 6 Senate and 65 Chamber seats.
Bulgaria: In the October 22 first round of the presidential election, incumbent president Georgi Parvanov, an independent supported by the [End Page 179] Bulgarian Socialist Party, won 64 percent and Volen Siderov of the Ataka coalition won 21 percent. Due to low voter turnout, a runoff was held on October 29 in which Parvanov defeated Siderov, winning 76 percent.
Congo (Kinshasa): Following a July 30 first-round election in which Joseph Kabila of the People's Party for Reconstruction and Development (PPRD) won 45 percent and Jean-Pierre Bemba of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) won 20 percent, Kabila defeated Bemba in an October 29 runoff, winning 58 percent. In July 30 legislative elections for the 500-seat National Assembly, PPRD won 111 seats, MLC won 64, and the Unified Lulumbist Party led by Antoine Gizenga won 34. Of the remaining 291 seats, 63 were won by independent candidates.
Ecuador: In an October 15 first-round presidential election, Álvaro Noboa of the National Action Institutional Renewal Party (PRIAN) won 26 percent, Rafael Correa of the Country Alliance won 22 percent, and Gilmer Gutiérrez of the Patriotic Society Party (PSP) won 17 percent. In the November 26 runoff, Correa defeated Noboa, winning around 63 percent. In October 15 elections for the 100-seat National Congress, PRIAN won 28 seats, PSP won 23, the Social Christian Party won 13, and the Democratic Left/Ethics and Democracy Network won 13.
Gabon: Parliamentary elections were scheduled for December 17; results will be reported in a future issue.
The Gambia: In a September 22 presidential election, President Yahya Jammeh of the Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction won 67 percent. Ousainou Darboe, representing a coalition of the United Democratic Party and the National Reconciliation Party, won 27 percent. Halifa Sallah of the National Alliance for Democracy and Development won 6 percent. International observers reported that election conditions were neither free nor fair, citing election fraud and voter intimidation.
Latvia: In October 7 elections for the 100-seat parliament, the ruling coalition of the People's Party (TP), the Greens' and Farmers' Union (ZZS), and the First Party of Latvia–Latvia Way coalition (LC) won 51 seats. The opposition took the remaining 49 seats, with the New Era Party winning 18 seats and the Harmony Center alliance 17.
Madagascar: Presidential and parliamentary elections were scheduled for December 3; results will be reported in a future issue.
Montenegro: On September 10, in the first parliamentary elections since independence, Prime Minister Milo Dukanović's Democratic Party...