One of the most distinctive elements of Burundi’s transition is the extent to which national leaders have embraced the importance of leadership training as a key to reconciliation and good governance. Indeed, Burundi may be the first case of a country just emerging from conflict in which key leaders have integrated into their peace process a national training program explicitly designed to rebuild their capacity to work effectively together in advancing their country’s postwar reconstruction. This essay examines the goals and methods of the Burundi Leadership Training Program (BLTP).