This article describes the traditional healing and magical practices of three Arbëreshë and three Italian communities in the northern part of the Region Basilicata (Lucania), southern Italy. Data include several folk illnesses not previously discussed in the literature on south Italian nosology, such as cigli alla testa (migraine), acqua nel pipi (penile inflammation), and acqua dalla bocca (water on the mouth). In addition, the article offers comparative information onmagico-religious symbolic agents, spiritual restrictions, and the oral formulas used to invoke holy entities in these rites.