Employment of the Administrative Litigation Law (ALL) by aggrieved Chinese peasants against local governments has drawn increased attention in recent years. Current literature reveals an emerging set of practices, including various tactics employed by litigants and defendants against each other. This article focuses on the phenomenon of large-scale rural collective action in administrative litigation. While such cases remain the exception, their scale and impact are potentially phenomenal. Through a statistical analysis of selected case studies and a contextual analysis of the famous 1997 case in Hebian Township, Sichuan, this study examines the emergence and efficacy of large-scale rural collective action in the ALL.