This article uses new research to explicate the traditionally slighted role of Dorothy Whitney Straight in establishing and running the New Republic. By situating the journal among Straight's other reform projects, Rauchway illustrates the extent to which her efforts shared a similar reform ideology that derived from and extended her experience in women's benevolent work. Rauchway suggests here that reform institutions such as the ones Straight created, which tended to bring together the distinct worlds of men's and women's reform, may characterize American Progressivism generally.