This paper reviews how cascading levels of contextual influences, starting with family factors and extending to neighborhood and school factors, can affect children's behavioral and emotional development. The ability of contextual factors to trigger or to attenuate children's underlying temperament and biological risk factors is emphasized. Recognition of the powerful effects of an array of contextual factors on children's development has clear implications for preventive interventions as well. Intervention research can explore the effects of multicomponent interventions directed at children's family and peer contextual influences, can examine how contextual factors predict children's responsivity to interventions, and can examine how contextual factors have effects on how, and how well, interventions are delivered in the real worlds of schools and community agencies.


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pp. 311-325
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
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