Tissue-cultured creeping bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. stoloniferum (Nash) J. Wipff [Poaceae]), grown in pots containing sand tailings or overburden from a Florida phosphate mine, had shoot (4.6 g/plant [0.16 oz]), root and rhizome mass (5.2 g/plant [0.18 oz]), and vegetative tiller density (4.2 g /plant [0.15 oz]) similar to that obtained from plants started from rhizomes. Seeds of creeping bluestem germinated on mine soil but failed to grow. In the field, tissue-cultured bluestem survival averaged 88% over January, July, and October planting dates on sand tailings compared with 67% on overburden. One year after October planting, total tiller density and aboveground plant dry mass was 63.5 and 117 g/plant (2.24 and 4.13 oz), respectively, on sand tailings compared with 50 and 107 g/plant (1.76 and 3.77 oz), respectively, on overburden. Except in the October planting, soil did not affect bluestem plant diameter (mean 24.2 cm [9.5 in]). Because creeping bluestem produces few seeds, tissue culture can provide plants that establish and grow well on land after phosphate mining. Weed control will be essential to success.


Additional Information

Print ISSN
pp. 81-90
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.