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  • News and Notes

Election Symposium Held in the Philippines

Election officials, politicians, and academics gathered in Manila on January 26–29 for a “Symposium on Asian Elections in the Twenty-first Century.” Cosponsored by the Washington-based International Foundation for Election Systems (IFES) and the Philippine Commission on Elections, the meeting drew participants from more than 20 countries to exchange information and ideas on how to improve election systems in Asia and throughout the world.

President Fidel V. Ramos of the Philippines gave the keynote speech, entitled “Facilitating the Promise of Democracy.” President Ramos spoke in particular about the importance of speeding up the process of counting ballots.

Also speaking at the symposium were Emigdio S. Tanjuatco of the Philippine House of Representatives and election officials from a number of countries, including Mongolia, Nepal, and the United States. Topics discussed included elec- toral reform, campaign finance and disclosure, the role of political parties in democratic elections, and modernizing the administration of elections. IFES is currently working with the Philippine Commission on Elections on ways to increase the efficiency of the electoral process, including the computerization of election returns.

For further information about the conference, contact Michael Boda of IFES at (202) 828–8507, or visit the IFES World Wide Web site (located at

Conference in Morocco Examines Globalization

A conference on “U.S.-Arab Relations and the Challenge of Globalization” was held at the King Abdulaziz Foundation in Casablanca, Morocco, on February 14–16. Sponsored by the Foundation on Democratization and Political Change in the Middle East in cooperation with the Centre d’Etudes de l’Orient Contemporain of La Sorbonne-Nouvelle Paris III, [End Page 189] the meeting addressed different approaches to globalization, regional integration, economic reform, and political liberalization. Participants explored the paradoxical effects of globalization—which has both unified and fragmented the international community—in the context of the relationship between the United States and the Arab world.

Opening remarks were delivered by André Azoulay, advisor to King Hassan II of Morocco. Other speakers and discussants included Bourhan Ghalioun (Université de Paris III); Thomas Friedman (New York Times); Mohammed Charfi (Association for Maghreb Dialogue, Tunis); Paul Wolfowitz (Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies); Abdelhamid Brahimi (former prime minister of Algeria); Albert Fishlow (Council on Foreign Relations); Fatima Mernissi (Institut Universitaire de Recherche Scientifique, Rabat); Carl Gershman (National Endowment for Democracy); and Mohamed Elhachmi Hamdi (Al Mustakilla, London).

Human Rights Activists Meet in New Delhi

More than a hundred activists representing 28 countries gathered on 6–8 December 1996 in New Delhi for the third Asia-Pacific NGO Human Rights Congress. The delegates passed a number of resolutions calling for greater respect for human rights and reaffirming the principle of universal human rights as set forth in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and echoed at the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna and the 1995 World Conference on Women in Beijing.

Specific issues addressed in the resolutions included child labor and prostitution, national-security laws, and women’s rights. Of particular concern to participants were the denial of the universality of human rights by some Asian governments, and the use of national-security laws to suspend fundamental rights and to oppress minorities. Delegates stated that they were “deeply concerned by all forms of human rights abuses in the Asia-Pacific region” and declared that “no regional human rights mechanism must ever place any limitation whatsoever on the implementation of international human rights standards.”

For additional information on the 1996 Asia-Pacific NGO Human Rights Congress, or to obtain copies of the final resolutions, contact the Asia-Pacific Human Rights NGOs Facilitating Team, P.O. Box 26, Bungthonglang, Bangkok 10242, Thailand; phone, (662) 377 9357; fax, (662) 374 0464; e-mail,

Report on NED’s International Forum

On February 28, the Forum hosted a half-day conference on “Democracy in South Asia.” The meeting featured presentations by [End Page 190] Ambassador Teresita Schaffer, director of the Foreign Service Institute and former U.S. ambassador to Sri Lanka and the Maldives (on Sri Lanka); Pratap Mehta, assistant professor of government and social studies at Harvard...

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