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  • News and Notes

International Meeting on Building Democracy

On February 1–2, representatives of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy (United Kingdom), the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development (Canada), the Friedrich Ebert, Friedrich Naumann, and Konrad Adenauer Stiftungen (Germany), and the National Endowment for Democracy (United States) convened in London to exchange views and information about their common international democracy-building efforts.

Also invited to the meeting, hosted by the Westminster Foun-dation, were a number of other publicly funded nongovernmental organizations engaged in democracy promotion, mostly affiliated with political parties. These included the Renner Institut (Austria); Fondation Jean Jaurès (France); the Alfred Mozer Stichting and the Instituut voor Samenwerking Oost-en-Midden Europa (Netherlands); the Centerns Internationalle Fond, the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation, the Olof Palme International Center, and the Swedish International Liberal Center (Sweden). Other groups represented included the United Kingdom’s Conservative Party, Labour Party, and Liberal Democrats, as well as three of the National Endowment for Democ-racy’s core institutes—the Center for International Private Enterprise, the International Republican In-stitute, and the National Demo-cratic Institute for International Affairs.

A dinner address was presented by the Rt. Hon. Malcolm Rifkind, U.K. Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. Other sessions focused on the current political environment, including domestic funding pressures, issues of independence from government, and the future role of democracy-building organizations. Three working groups addressed the issues of evaluation and monitoring, support for political parties, and support for nongovernmental organizations. The meeting also featured a demonstration by Allen Overland, librarian at NED’s International [End Page 186] Forum for Democratic Studies, of DemocracyNet, NED’s home page on the Internet’s World Wide Web.

Symposium Commemorates Marshall Plan

Inaugurating the commemoration of the Marshall Plan’s fiftieth anniversary, George Washington University’s Program on Transitions to Democracy, in conjunction with the White House and the Department of Defense, convened an international symposium on January 8–12 entitled “The Marshall Legacy: Partnerships for the Future.” The symposium brought military and civilian leaders from the republics of the former Soviet Union and from Central and Eastern Europe together with government officials, scholars, and private-sector leaders from the United States.

Discussions centered around the following issues: the goals and direction of the Partnership for Peace; current efforts to develop democratic and free-market institutions in the postcommunist world; methods to broaden and deepen the community-based context of bilateral democratic civil-military ties; and strategies for fostering democracy and comprehensive security in light of the opportunities presented by the information age. Presiding over the plenary sessions were symposium co-chairs John O. Marsh, Jr., former secretary of the army, and Hodding Carter, former assistant secretary of state.

A summary of the symposium proceedings is now in preparation. For more information, contact Dr. Constantine C. Menges, Director, George Washington University Program on Transitions to Democracy, 2130 H St., N.W., Suite 601, Washington, DC 20052; phone, 202-994-7099.

Publication on Promoting Democracy

In December 1995, the Carnegie Corporation of New York published a report to its Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict entitled “Promoting Democracy in the 1990s: Actors and Instruments, Issues and Imperatives.” Written by Journal of Democracy co-editor Larry Diamond with a foreword by Commission co-chair David A. Hamburg, the report examines the rationale for democracy promotion, briefly surveys the many agencies directly engaged in this work, and considers other policy instruments that can be used toward this end. Copies may be obtained free of charge from the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 2400 N St., N.W., Sixth Floor, Washington, DC 20037-1153; phone, 202-429-7979.

Report on NED’s International Forum

On January 26–27, the Forum co-sponsored with the Pacific Council on International Policy a conference in Los Angeles on [End Page 187] “Constructing Democracy and Markets: Comparing Latin America and East Asia.” The meeting, which featured a luncheon address by NED president Carl Gershman, brought together leading scholars on democratic development in Latin America and Asia. The principal speakers were Yun-han Chu (Insitute for National Policy Research, Taipei), Andrew MacIntyre (University of California at San Diego), Minxin Pei (Princeton...

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