Mark A. Drumbl, B.A., M.A., J.D., LL.M., is Assistant Professor at the School of Law, Washington and Lee University. His teaching and research interests involve international human rights law, international criminal process, public international law, and global environmental governance. He has worked as a public defender in Rwanda, and has taught human rights law at the Afghan University in Peshawar, Pakistan, and international law at Columbia University, School of Law. Professor Drumbl’s writing has appeared in a diverse range of books and journals in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and internationally. He is currently completing his Doctor of Juridical Studies (J.S.D.) at Columbia University. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Special thanks to Rick Kirgis, Doug Rendleman, Ken Gallant, Lan Cao, Brad Karkkainen and Natalie Rea for helpful insights.
Uche U. Ewelukwa is an Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas School of Law in Fayetteville, she has taught international law courses at the American University of Armenia, the University of Oklahoma College of Law, Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, and at the University of Puerto Rico School of Law. She teaches Public International Law, International Business Law, International Human Rights Law, Women and International Law, and Globalization, Ethics and the Law. Her scholarly interests include children’s rights; the intersection of gender, culture, and development; and the intersection of international human rights law and international economic law. She has worked extensively on women’s rights issues in Africa. Professor Ewelukwa has won numerous awards and scholarships for her work in the field of human rights. In 1993–1994, she was a Research Fellow with Human Rights Watch and in 1996 she was awarded a fellowship by the Albert Einstein Institution for Nonviolent Sanction.
The author gratefully acknowledges the help of numerous women’s rights organizations that facilitated all aspects of her research, arranged for all interviews and informal discussions. She is also indebted to the many widows who were willing to share their experiences.
Michael A. Grodin, M.D., is Director of the Law, Medicine, Ethics and Human Rights Program and Professor of Psychiatry, Health Law, and Socio-Medical Sciences and Community Medicine at the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health. He is a Professor of Philosophy in the College of Arts and Sciences. He completed his B.S. degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, his M.D. degree at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, his postdoctoral and fellowship training at UCLA and Harvard, and he has been on the faculty of Boston University for the past twenty-two years. He is the Medical Ethicist at Boston Medical Center and served as the Human Studies Chairman for the Department of Health and Hospitals of the City of Boston. Dr. Grodin is the Co-Founder of Global Lawyers and Physicians: Working Together for Human Rights, Co-Director of the Boston Center [End Page 569] for Refugee Health and Human Rights: Caring for Survivors of Torture, and Co-Editor of the textbook Health and Human Rights: A Reader.
Neil Hicks is the Director of the Human Rights Defenders’ Protection Initiative at the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights in New York. He also directs a special initiative aimed at promoting the work of independent human rights defenders in the Middle East and North Africa region as an essential element of stable, pluralistic societies in the region.
Morten Kjærum is the Director of the Danish Center for Human Rights in Copenhagen, Denmark. He graduated from the University of Aarhus in 1984 with an LLM. From 1984 until 1991, he was head of the asylum department in the Danish Refugee Council. He is an expert within the field of international human rights law and refugee law and has published extensively on these issues in Danish, Nordic and international journals. In 2002, Mr. Kjaerum became a member of the UN Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
Carlo Krieger, of Luxembourg, studied social anthropology at Miami University [Ohio], University of Vienna, Austria, and as a Fulbright scholar at the University of Chicago. He is currently in Luxembourg foreign service, and was a counselor at the Embassy in Washington, DC...