The Waning of the Mediterranean, 1550–1870
A Geohistorical Approach
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
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‘‘All that is finished, let it fade,’’ said Yates, but not before the author acknowledges the immense debt he incurred in completing this book. Immanuel Wallerstein, Terence K. Hopkins, and Çaglar Keyder read and commented on an earlier version. ...
Introduction: Unrelieved Weight of Wealth in the Inner Sea
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From the fourteenth century to the turn of the sixteenth, the Mediterranean was a world unto itself, a world-economy. The economic fabric of this world was initially woven by city-states strung along the northern shores of the Italian peninsula, and it was under their aegis that ‘‘the whole sea shared a common destiny, ...
PART I: OF CITIES OF SAINTS AND RICH TRADES
1 Empires and Empire-Building City-States
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The first sixteenth century commenced in the 1450s. With its onset, territorial states and imperial polities crippled by the 1250/1300–1450 downturn began to recover their strength.1 During the tumultuous times of this drawn-out downturn, empires circumscribing the Mediterranean experienced a considerable weakening in their hold over their territorial possessions ...
2 City-States and the Inner Sea
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The second sixteenth century commenced in the 1560s. By then, Antwerp’s greatest merchant-bankers and merchants, Gasparo Ducci, Luis Perez, and Erasmus Schetz, to name a few, had already risen to prominence as grainbrokers for Lisbon and Castile. Inundated by the wealthy marranos from Iberia, ...
3 Eclipse of the City-States and the Resurfacing of the Mediterranean
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The second sixteenth century commenced in the 1560s. By then, Jewish populations expelled from the kingdom of Castile had taken up residence in distant corners of the Mediterranean, including Salonika and Safed on the eastern shores of the basin, in the Ottoman lands.1 ...
PART II: OF MALARIAL PLAINS AND ARBOREAL HILLS
4 Reversal in the Fortunes of the Plains
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The second sixteenth century commenced in the 1560s. By then, the relatively short-lived medieval warm period had come to an end and the Little Ice Age had promptly resumed after the brief hiatus of the beau seizi�me. The consequences of the resumption of the Little Ice Age had become distressingly apparent in the closing decades of the century1 ...
5 New World of the Hills
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The second sixteenth century commenced in the 1560s. It was then—with the onset, most prominently, of the Wars of Religion—that the upheavals and traumas that violently shook the empires in the Mediterranean until the midseventeenth century commenced. The principal factors that triggered this wave of social and political turbulence were twofold: ...
Conclusion: The Mediterranean between the Leek-Green Sea and the Green Sea
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The Mediterranean was all but a timeless entity with invariable ecological and agrarian features. Some of the characteristics we attribute to it today as ‘‘traditional’’ or ‘‘olden’’ are products of relatively recent developments, the historical pedigree of which is not lost in the mists of time. ...
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Page Count: 448
Illustrations: 2 maps
Publication Year: 2008